Luxtoday
Citizenship

How to obtain Luxembourg citizenship

There are several ways to obtain Luxembourg nationality. Naturalization remains the most popular, but it is by no means the only option. In this guide we will look at the process in detail, step by step.

There are several ways to become a Luxembourg citizen. In this guide we will look at the most common method — acquiring citizenship by naturalization. Naturalization is a legal process of acquiring citizenship based on the voluntary wishes of the applicant or his/her trustees. It is perfect for those who came to Luxembourg on a work visa or Blue Card.

Naturalization is a popular and easy way to obtain citizenship, but there are certain requirements that must be met.

Do you meet the basic requirements
All criteria must be met for successful naturalization
If at least one of the requirements is not met, you will not be able to obtain citizenship.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
5-year term
Residence in Luxembourg for at least 5 years
Proof of knowledge of the Luxembourg language
Successfully passed the Luxembourg language exam Sproochentest Lëtzebuergesch
Understanding of the principles of integration
Confirmation of their understanding of the principles of integration into the local culture with a certificate of the course "Vivre Ensemble au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg". The course and its final test cover the following topics Citizenship — 6 hours, State structure — 12 hours, History of the Grand Duchy and European integration — 6 hours.
Clean reputation
You have a good reputation, which means that you have not committed a crime, withheld important information, made false statements, have no criminal record, have not been accused of fraud, etc.
All criteria must be met for successful naturalization
If at least one of the requirements is not met, you will not be able to obtain citizenship.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Citizenship
Article
Options
Learn about other ways to become a citizen if naturalization is not an option for you
Read article

The list of documents required when applying for citizenship by naturalization is not very long, but all of them are extremely important.

All documents must be translated into one of the official languages of Luxembourg and certified by a sworn translator.

You will need:
Make sure you have all the documents
At least one of the official papers is missing, the application will not be accepted.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Birth Certificate
Your own and for children under 18, if applicable
Foreign passport
Copies of all pages and copies of children's passports, if you have any
Criminal record certificates
To be obtained from the countries of which you are or have been a citizen. To be obtained from the country or countries where you have resided for the last 15 years, beginning at the age of 18.
Biographical Questionnaire
Special questionnaire provided on the form attached below
Certificate of passing the Sproochentest Lëtzebuergesch
This is a test in Luxembourgish. It consists of two parts: an oral test (level A2) and a listening test (level B1).
Certificate of successful completion of Vivre ensemble au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
This document can be obtained in 2 ways — either by attending the course or by taking the test immediately without attending the course.
Authorization of the judge
In case of guardianship or custody of children, in addition to the above documents, you will need the authorization of the supervising judge.
Make sure you have all the documents
At least one of the official papers is missing, the application will not be accepted.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.

A biographical questionnaire is a type of statement that you must submit with your documents. You can download it and review the information you need to provide.

Integration courses are an initiative of the Grand Duchy. The aim is to introduce the main historical milestones, the social and legal norms and the particularities of life in Luxembourg to a person wishing to acquire citizenship or to stay in the country for a longer period of time.

Course registration is final and cannot be changed. This means that if you are unable to attend classes for any reason, you will have to wait until the end of the current course and exams to re-register.

The course and exam cover the following subjects

6 hours
Citizens' rights
6 hours
History of the Grand Duchy and European Integration
12 hours
State organization

The final exam for the course may be multiple choice or yes/no. You can take the exam after you have completed the entire course, or you can take it immediately without waiting for the course to end and without attending class.

If the physical or psychological condition of a candidate for Luxembourg nationality does not allow him or her to acquire knowledge of the subjects, it is possible to obtain an exemption from the course and the examination. This exemption is granted directly by the Minister of Justice, accompanied by a medical certificate from a specialist doctor.

Registration for the course is free of charge

It is open to anyone who is 18 years of age or older

Apply now

Knowing the Luxembourgish language is an important step in acquiring citizenship. The language is a national treasure and the pride of the Grand Duchy, so you must learn it anyway.

There are many courses and teachers. In this matter, the State does not limit your choice in any way: you can turn to the teacher you prefer.

А2
Required level to pass the Speaking part
В1
Required level to pass the Listening part
This division of skill levels seems a bit irrational to me, but the creators know best.
Vika, teacher of Luxembourgish

Vika, teacher of Luxembourgish

Read interview

As you have already understood, the exam consists of two blocks: Listening and Speaking, and there is no Written section. To pass the exam, you must score at least half of the maximum score.

If you fall short on the Speaking section, you can make up for it by scoring higher on the Listening section.

Speaking
Listening

The cost of the exam is 75 euros, and the exam is considered passed if the arithmetic average of the two blocks exceeds half of the total possible points.

You can try to take the exam an unlimited number of times, but you must pay to take it each time.

If the physical or psychological condition of a candidate for Luxembourg nationality does not allow him or her to study the Luxembourg language, it is possible to obtain an exemption from the course and the examination. This exemption is granted directly by the Minister of Justice, accompanied by a medical certificate from a specialist doctor.

What is the Sproochentest and how to pass it
Vika
Vika
teacher of Luxembourgish

The naturalization process is free of charge. However, there may be costs associated with earlier steps: translation of documents, taking exams, and others.

Related costs from steps 2, 3, 4
ExpensesCost
Request for references30-50 euro
Translation of documents300 euro per family with one child
Exam75 euros for 1 attempt
Language studyThe average cost of a lesson is 50 euros
Criminal record certificateMay be charged in countries of previous residence
Total

Associated costs will be ~500-600 euros.

The application and the complete set of documents from Step 2 of this guide are submitted to the civil registry office of the municipality where the applicant resides.

If the documents are correct

If all the documents are in order and the conditions are met, the registrar will immediately send the package to the Ministry of Justice for verification.

If the documents are not correct

If the file is incomplete for any reason, the Registrar will request that the missing documents be sent within 3 months. The application will not be processed if you do not send everything within the allotted time.

The application for naturalization must be signed by the applicant or his/her legal representative. Signing by proxy is prohibited.

Please note that by signing the application form, the applicant authorizes the Ministry of Justice to request Certificate No. 2 on Criminal Record from the Public Prosecutor's Office. The Ministry may request additional documents if the documents submitted by the candidate are insufficient or do not meet the requirements to prove the necessary criteria.

Normally, it takes up to eight months for the Department of Justice to review a file. However, due to COVID-19 and the increase in the number of refugees, this period has been increased to 10 months. This means that your specific case may be reviewed sooner, but it is worth focusing on this timeframe.

If a positive decision has been made on your application, the Ministry will send you a confirmation by mail. The same applies to a negative decision. 

A small lifehack

You can follow the decision of the Ministry of Justice on the website Guichet.lu: in your personal cabinet, in the section "Personal information", section "Nationality". The information there will be updated faster than you will receive a letter in the mail.

faq

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Is it possible to become a citizen through naturalization if you came to the country to work

Is it mandatory to pass the country and language exams

How long does the naturalization process take

We took photos from these sources: Unsplash

Was this article helpful?
Very helpful!
Informative!
I didn’t get it.
This is outdated.