Luxtoday
Residence permit

How to move to Luxembourg for private reasons

In this guide, we take a closer look at the conditions you need to fulfill and how to move to Luxembourg for private reasons (as a financially independent person).

Last time updated
07.04.24

The residence permit in Luxembourg for the financially independent is called "for private reasons". Only citizens of "third countries" can obtain it, i.e. everyone except EU citizens and citizens of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. This permit implies that the applicant earns income from professional activities in the EU or Schengen area and not in Luxembourg.

During the planning phase

Three categories of third-country nationals are generally eligible for residence in Luxembourg on private reasons:

Completely financially independent
Must have a regular legal monthly income outside of Luxembourg but within the EU or Schengen area that exceeds ≈2571 euros.
Retired people
If it is an old age, loss of support or disability pension, it can be paid in Luxembourg or in other EU or Schengen countries.
Partners
Situations where it is not possible to reunite the family, but where long-standing and strong personal or family ties exist with a person legally residing in Luxembourg.

To move to Luxembourg and obtain a residence permit for private reasons, you must meet three basic requirements:

Third-country nationality

If you are moving for private reasons, you must be a citizen of any country except EU countries, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland.

Sufficient financial resources confirmation

It is necessary to prove a legal regular income outside the Grand Duchy but within the EU or the Schengen area. The financial resources must have a clear source and their amount must exceed the monthly social minimum wage for unskilled workers in Luxembourg: as of September 1, 2023, this is 2,570.93 euros. Thus, the monthly net regular income must exceed ≈2571 euros, excluding rent and health insurance payments. Only income from professional activities can be considered as own financial resources. A pension paid in Luxembourg or in another EU or Schengen member state can also be considered as income.In the case of a partnership, a statement of financial support from a person legally resident in Luxembourg acting as guarantor is required.

No criminal records

An apostilled certificate of no criminal record or other document confirming innocence will be required. Also, the applicant must not have any EU visa violations or bans on entry to any EU country.

There may be unique situations where it is necessary to obtain a residence permit for private reasons. In this case, you can contact the Luxembourg General Department of immigration of Immigration directly.

Before entering Luxembourg

Those wishing to move for private reasons must provide proof of suitable accommodation in Luxembourg when applying for a visa. This requires either renting or buying an apartment, as the proof is a rental contract or a document confirming the rights of the owner.

Finding and renting an apartment in the Grand Duchy is an important issue for every expat. Choosing the commune, city, neighborhood, calculating the budget, signing the contract and many other important nuances are described in detail in a separate guide that we offer you to study.

If you are interested in buying a home, read a special article on how to become a legal homeowner.

How to rent an apartment in Luxembourg
Purchasing a house in Luxembourg: how to become a property owner

These documents are required in order to obtain the necessary temporary residence permit and entry visa. We give a basic list of documents, but each case is considered individually and the Luxembourg MFA may require something additional at its discretion.

What you'll definitely needWhat you'll definitely need
You haven't collected all the documents
The originals always remain in your possession, copies are required to obtain the necessary documents for entry.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Valid passport
Original and certified copy of all pages. Passport must be valid for at least 6-8 months from the expected date of entry. It is important that at least two pages are left blank — for visas to be issued.
Certificate of no criminal record with apostille
Or any written confirmation from official authorities in the country of residence. It is issued at the personal request of a citizen, usually at the Ministry of the Interior. The certificate must be paper-based, with an apostille, which takes an average of one month to obtain.
General Power of Attorney
Third-country nationals may authorize a representative to submit the application on their behalf. The document must be duly signed, dated and certified.
Proof of suitable accommodation
The size of the apartment cannot be less than 12 m² for one person and at least 9 m² for each additional family member. The room must be well maintained: with windows, heating, plumbing, etc.
Valid domestic passport
Original and copy of all pages
Full health insurance
Minimum coverage up to 30,000 euros. Insurance must be valid in Luxembourg.
Document on marital status
Marriage or divorce certificate or other equivalent document proving marital status issued in country of origin
Birth certificate
The original and its notarized apostilled copy will be required
Proof of financial stability
Letters from the place of employment on official company letterhead stating the applicant's position and the amount of monthly income or other supporting documentation will be required. In addition, a bank statement from an EU or Luxembourg bank account with a minimum balance of 30,000 euros may be required. In some cases, a certificate from the applicant's home country may also be appropriate.
Translation
If the documents are not in English, French or German, they must be accompanied by an official translation by a sworn translator or a notarized translation.
You haven't collected all the documents
The originals always remain in your possession, copies are required to obtain the necessary documents for entry.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
A Court-sworn translator is a professional who has the authority to certify translations with his or her signature and seal. <...> the signature does not have to be certified again, the translator himself certifies the correctness of his translation.
Court-sworn translator Vera Steinhagen in Luxtoday interview

Court-sworn translator Vera Steinhagen in Luxtoday interview

Read interview

It is important to note that for some categories of persons entering for private reasons, in addition to the documents listed above, other mandatory documents may be required.

Retired people
Partners

To obtain a temporary residence permit, you must submit an application for a temporary residence permit with a complete set of documents to the Immigration Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or to a diplomatic representative. It is important to fill everything in correctly and to submit all documents at once, otherwise they will be returned to the applicant.

What documents need to be collected for submission*
Application for temporary residence permit
Copies of all pages of a valid internal passport
Certificate of no criminal record with apostille
Power of attorney to submit documents if the applicant will not be the one submitting the documents
Proof of suitable housing (lease, ownership document).
Full health insurance valid in Luxembourg
Marital status document (marriage certificate, divorce certificate, certificate of family status, etc.)
Documents confirming financial independence (employment records, bank statements, etc.)

If the documents are not in French, German or English, they must be accompanied by a certified translation into one of these languages.

*This is a package for financially independent third-country nationals moving for private reasons. If you are moving as a spouse or retired person, please read the explanation of the set of documents in the previous step.

What you must to do:

  1. Fill out the temporary residence permit application correctly.
  2. Collect the entire package of documents with translations to submit with the application.
  3. Submit the package of documents to the Immigration Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Luxembourg or to a diplomatic representative.
  4. Wait for a decision: The Authorization to Stay (this is another name for the temporary residence permit) will arrive in the mail.

If no response is received within 3 months, the application is denied.

This requirement applies to those third-country nationals who are subject to visa requirements; the rest may enter Luxembourg without a visa (but still require a residence permit). Thus, citizens who require a visa must apply for a D visa to enter the country after obtaining a temporary permit.

What documents are required to apply for a D visa
Something's missing
It is necessary to submit the entire package of documents at one time.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Original copy of temporary residence permit
Authorization to stay will come in a regular letter sent to the post office
Two 3.5x4.5 cm color photos
Schengen standard photo: on a light background — white, white-blue. The photo must be free of stains, folds, scratches, glare, blurriness and other defects. You need a photo without corners and ovals on matte photo paper.
Schengen Visa Application Form (these are the same for C and D visas)
Must be completed and signed in English or French
A valid passport and copies of all passport pages used
Issued within the last 10 years and valid for at least 3 months beyond the expiration date of the requested visa. 2 blank pages are required.
Copy of all previous Schengen visas for 3 years
If they are not in a valid passport
Consular fee
The amount of the fee varies and depends on the country
Something's missing
It is necessary to submit the entire package of documents at one time.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Application for Schengen Visa

What you need to do:

  1. Make sure that your passport has at least 2 free pages for visas and check when your passport expires
  2. Receive a temporary residence permit
  3. Collect documents to apply for a D visa
  4. Submit the collected visa application package in duplicate to the Immigration Department of the Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign Affairs or to a diplomatic representative
  5. Meet the application deadline: It is important to do this within 90 days of the date you receive your temporary residence permit
  6. Wait for D visa approval: A visa valid for a maximum of 3 months will be stamped in the passport

After entering Luxembourg

You must go in person to the municipality where you want to live with a package of documents and stand in the electronic queue.

What documents to bring to register with the municipality
Valid travel document
A passport with a visa and entry stamps is sufficient
Confirm home address
Long-term lease or owner's agreement
Temporary residence permit
Original received before entry

The municipality will give you two documents: your social security number and a copy of your declaration of arrival. The copy, together with temporary residence permit, will be considered a right of residence until the residence permit is issued.

Registration
Commune
Luxembourg
Registration in the commune in Luxembourg
Read article

Once registered in the municipality, all third-country nationals must pass a medical examination as soon as possible.

The medical examination consists of two parts:

General practitioner check
You must see a general practitioner (GP), so find one. A GP will do a check-up: measure your height, weight, and blood pressure, check if you have any chronic diseases, and then refer you for a quantifier test (a blood test for tuberculosis).You can find a family doctor on Doctena.lu.Read more about a general practitioner
Tuberculosis screening
This test can be done in the morning and on an empty stomach. You must schedule a TB test appointment for each person separately. If you have a family, you must make a separate appointment for each family member. You cannot come "off the street", you will not be allowed further than the reception and will be sent home to make an appointment.You can be screened either through the public service La Ligue or by making an appointment at a private laboratory (it is 75 euros more expensive).How to get an appointment for screening

Once all the tests have been carried out, the medical service sends a certificate to the immigration service confirming that the health requirements for a residence permit in Luxembourg have been met.

This is the last step of your legalization in Luxembourg. The hard part is over, all that remains is to collect the documents, pay the state tax and receive your residence permit.

What documents will you needWhat documents will you need
Something is missing
It is necessary to apply for a residence permit with the whole package of documents at once
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Copies of all pages of a valid passport
Copy of temporary residence permit issued by the Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Declaration of arrival issued by the municipality
Long-term rental or purchase agreement
Receipt for the payment of the state tax (80 €)
Application for Residence Permit
Something is missing
It is necessary to apply for a residence permit with the whole package of documents at once
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.

The complete set of documents is sent to the Immigration Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg no later than 3 months after arrival in the country.

Applications should be sent to the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs Directorate of Immigration - Foreign National’s Service PO 752 L-2017 Luxembourg.

You can pay the state fee in two ways
In the bank
You need to know the IBAN and write a message in the comments to the translation of this type: Titre de sejour dans le chef de [Your name and matricule number].
Via mobile app
When paying this way, be sure to click "Save" to keep the transfer statement and attach it to your records.

Residence permit applications can be submitted online at MyGuichet.lu (with or without authentication) or by mail using a special application form.

Application for residence permit
Application for residence permit

Once the application is approved, the applicant must come in person to have his/her photograph and fingerprints taken. After a few days, an identification card with all biometric data will be ready, which can only be picked up in person and by appointment.

❗️ A residence permit for private reasons contains information on the right to work. Its maximum validity is 3 years.

faq

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What does a residence permit for the financially independent in Luxembourg give?

What conditions must be met to obtain a Luxembourg residence permit for private reasons?

How long is a residence permit for private reasons valid in Luxembourg?

We took photos from these sources: Nazim Coskun, Unsplash

Authors: Maria, Kadriia
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