Communes and neighborhoods

Grund: the smallest neighborhood and historical landmark of Luxembourg City

In this article, we step into the rich fabric of Grund, exploring its historical roots, examining the dynamic population, and weighing the pros and cons of residing in this unique place.

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The Grund neighborhood, nestled in the heart of Luxembourg City, is a gem of authenticity and charm. Despite being one of the smallest neighborhoods, it boasts a central yet tranquil location, bordered by Pfaffenthal, Clausen, Cents, Pulvermühl, Bonnevoie-Nord, Gare, and Ville Haute.

General characteristics of Grund

Renowned for its preserved village-like ambiance, Grund is steeped in history, with UNESCO-listed landmarks like the Neimënster Abbey and cobblestone streets dating back to the 10th century, such as the enchanting Bisserwee. We'll navigate the intricacies of transportation accessibility, take a look at the communal infrastructure including schools, cultural centers, and healthcare facilities, explore the green spaces that grace the neighborhood, and provide insights into the real estate landscape.

Population of Grund

This neighborhood, one of the least populated residential areas in Luxembourg's capital, stands as a unique historical site. Its distinctiveness arises not merely from the size of the area, but also from the prestigious status it commands.

of the country's total population
1,030 residents
as of December 31, 2022

Grund, a neighborhood in Luxembourg, exhibits a unique demographic profile, with 60% of its residents originating from foreign countries. However, it ranks as the third least populated area in terms of foreign residents when compared to other neighborhoods. This is in stark contrast to the citywide average, where the foreign population constitutes 70.82%.

Grund who lives in Luxembourg
Source: created with data from Ville de Luxembourg

The Grund is renowned for its authentic charm, preserving a tranquil village atmosphere within Luxembourg City. Nestled amidst historic surroundings, it's recognized for its cobblestone streets, rustic architecture, and the picturesque Neumünster Abbey.

Transport accessibility

Exploring Grund comes with certain transportation nuances, including limited public transit options and parking constraints. Navigating the neighborhood requires thoughtful consideration of the available modes of transportation.

By car
Raveling from Grund to the city center or the train station is a swift journey, taking 5 to 10 minutes, contingent on traffic. However, the convenience of driving is tempered by the difficulty of finding parking within the neighborhood, adding an extra layer of complexity to this mode of transport.
By bus
Public transportation in Grund is somewhat limited, primarily relying on buses 14, 15, 22, 23, and CN1. While these options exist, the coverage may not be as extensive as one would hope for seamless mobility within the neighborhood.
By bike
Cycling emerges as one of the most efficient ways to explore the Grund, allowing a swift commute to the city center in 5 to 10 minutes and reaching the train station in about 15 minutes. Note, though, that the availability of Veloh self-service stations is sparse, with only one situated in the southernmost part of the neighborhood.
By tram
The Grund neighborhood in Luxembourg is not directly accessible by tram. For those looking to reach Grund, it would be necessary to use a combination of tram and other modes of transportation, such as walking or bus services, as the tram network does not directly serve this neighborhood.
By foot
Embrace the intimate scale of Grund by walking. The Saint-Esprit elevator ensures a speedy 15-minute ascent to Ville Haute, while a leisurely stroll from the northern reaches may take a bit longer. Walking to the train station is also feasible, requiring 20 to 25 minutes.
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Renting and buying real estate

In the charming neighborhood of Grund, Luxembourg, property seekers can find a financially attractive option with real estate prices averaging 10,345 euros per square meter. This rate is notably more affordable compared to the city's overall average of 12,243 euros per square meter.

For buying the average price is 

10,345 euros/m2
in the Grund
12,243 euros/m2
the capital's average

For renting the average price is 

31.46 euros/m2
in the Grund
30.72 euros/m2
 the capital's average

Opting for Grund offers a cost-effective choice for those looking to buy property in Luxembourg City, balancing reasonable pricing with the benefits of city living. However, it's important to note that rental prices in Grund slightly exceed the citywide average, standing at 31.46 euros per square meter, compared to the general average of 30.58 euros per square meter.


Applications, search, and profound advice in our guide to renting

Infrastructure of the neighborhood

Grund's infrastructure weaves a tapestry of charm and historical significance. While the neighborhood boasts cultural gems like the Neumünster Abbey, a hub for vibrant events, and the National Institute of Sports, it faces limitations in education, healthcare, and shopping. Navigate the quaint cobblestone streets and discover the balance between historical richness and the evolving needs of a community.

We invite you to read other articles covering various communes and neighborhoods within the city, so when you consider living or moving in Luxembourg, you have all the answers you might need.

Living in Grund: advantages and disadvantages

The Grund is cherished for its welcoming and serene ambiance, adorned with picturesque streets and rustic charm.

Known for its picturesque, historical charm, Grund is a UNESCO World Heritage site, boasting cobblestone streets, old buildings, and stunning views. It's a cultural hotspot, with numerous art galleries, museums, and music venues, contributing to a vibrant cultural scene. Despite its urban setting, Grund offers actual tranquility. The area is noted for its diverse, cosmopolitan community and great restaurants.

Living in Grund can be expensive, with high housing costs and overall living expenses. The narrow streets and limited parking pose challenges for car owners, and being a popular tourist destination, it can get crowded, particularly during peak seasons. This popularity also leads to higher noise levels, especially near bars. Furthermore, the historic nature of the district means that housing options are limited and often pricey.

Each of these factors contributes to the unique experience of living in the Grund district, appealing to those who enjoy a lively, historic, and culturally rich life in Luxembourg.

Pros and cons
Living in UNESCO World Heritage site, enjoying historical charm daily
Hills and narrow streets are the favorite spots for the local running club FatBettyRun!
A lot of green spaces and cultural centers around the neighborhood
Grund can be expensive to live in, as it is a prestigeous quartier
Popular tourist destination and a scene for a busy night life near the center
Limited housing, parking, healthcare and schooling options, might not be suitable for a family

What is there in this quartier of Luxembourg City?

Grund's infrastructure weaves a tapestry of charm and historical significance. While the neighborhood boasts cultural gems like the Neumünster Abbey, a hub for vibrant events, and the National Institute of Sports, it faces limitations in education, healthcare, and shopping. Navigate the quaint cobblestone streets and discover the balance between historical richness and the evolving needs of a community.

Neimënster Abbey, source: TripAdvisor
Childcare center Haus vun de Kanner, source: Ville de Luxembourg
Source: INS website
Schools, creches, and education
Cultural centers
Parks, nature places and kids playgrounds
Sports infrastructure
Shopping and restaurants in Grund

Historical overview

In the late Middle Ages, along the banks of the Alzette River, artisans seeking the water's edge for their craft established a presence.

Roman bridge

In 1083, Count Konrad laid the foundation for the Almünster Abbey, a pivotal moment in the area's history. Two churches, Sankt-Ulrich at the Péitruss estuary and Sankt-Matthäus to the north near the Roman bridge in Pafendal, marked the burgeoning Uelzechtdal community around Bockfiels.

Almünster Abbey

The Lower City emerged initially on the outskirts, eventually enclosed by the 14th-century walls erected by Wenzel II. The destruction of Almünster Abbey in 1543 led Benedictines to relocate to Hospice Saint-Jean, establishing the Neimünster Abbey. Despite a fire in 1684, it endured, later serving as a prison before transforming into the cultural hub, Neimünster.
Grund in Luxembourg
Grund et Ville Haute around 1900, source:
When Grund recieved the UNESCO heritage status?

In 1994, the UNESCO recognition of Luxembourg City's fortress and Old Town, encompassing Grund, solidified its historical significance.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is the Grund neighborhood known for?

Are there historical landmarks in the Grund?

What cultural centers can be found in the Grund?

What are the transportation options available in and around the Grund?

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We took photos from these sources: Photo by Llibert Losada on Unsplash

Authors: Luz
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