Luxembourg's accounts are showing surplus: 4 billions euros to invest

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Luxembourg's accounts are showing surplus: 4 billions euros to invest

Luxembourg is small, and it's no secret that its open economy is heavily dependent on foreign trade and investment. Its current and financial accounts play an important role in its overall economic performance.

In recent years, Luxembourg has maintained a significant current account surplus, which has been driven by the strong services sector, particularly in the areas of financial and business services.

BCL (Banque Centrale du Luxembourg) and Statec have recently calculated surpluses close to 4 billion euros in the country's financial account. It is based on an analysis of the account from which transactions with other countries are carried out.

Luxembourg is a major hub for international investment funds and has a large financial sector that attracts foreign investment. Nowadays the country attracts more capital than it invests abroad.

It is worth noting that for 2022, both exports of Luxembourg goods and imports increased. Imports grew even slightly more: +3% to +1% of exports. However, the difference in value provides a positive dynamic. The situation is similar in the services market. Non-financial services exports increased by 2.5%, and imports by 3.5%. The situation with financial services is somewhat different: imports increased by 3%, while exports, on the contrary, decreased by 0.5%.

In economics, the current account and financial account are two components of a country's balance of payments, which tracks all financial transactions between that country and the rest of the world.

The current account measures the country's trade in goods and services, as well as income earned on foreign investments and transfer payments, such as foreign aid or remittances. A current account surplus means that the country is exporting more than it is importing and is therefore a net lender to the rest of the world. A deficit, on the other hand, indicates that the country is importing more than it is exporting and is a net borrower.

The financial account, meanwhile, tracks the flow of capital into and out of the country. This includes foreign direct investment, portfolio investment, and other types of financial assets. A financial account surplus means that the country is attracting more capital than it is investing abroad, while a deficit means the opposite.

The relationship between the current and financial accounts is important for understanding a country's overall economic health. A current account surplus, for example, can indicate a strong economy, as it suggests that the country is competitive in international trade. However, it can also lead to a strengthening of the country's currency, which can make exports more expensive and hurt the competitiveness of domestic producers. The country's reliance on foreign trade and investment also makes it vulnerable to external shocks and global economic downturns. Balance is a very important thing in economics.

Likewise, a financial account deficit can signal that a country is relying too heavily on borrowing from abroad to finance its domestic investments, which can be unsustainable in the long run. A financial account surplus can provide a country with access to foreign capital, which can be used to finance investments and fuel economic growth.

Overall, Luxembourg's current and financial accounts indicate a healthy and competitive economy, with a strong services sector and a favorable business environment that attracts foreign investment.

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Source: Delano

Authors: Daria

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