Green Party in Luxembourg — Déi Gréng (DG)

In this article, we delve into the multifaceted aspects of The Greens, exploring their structure, representativeness, and the dedicated leaders and influential members who have propelled the party to prominence.

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Founded on Luxembourg's National Day in 1983, The Greens became a response to the demand for environmental change and initiatives that address the most pressing problems of modern society. They hold nine seats in the Chamber of Deputies and one seat in the European Parliament. Among the party's notable figures is François Bausch, who is currently a Second Deputy Prime Minister.

The Greens Party at a glance

The Greens (déi gréng in Luxembourgish) stand as a prominent ecological political party in Luxembourg, playing a significant role in the country's political landscape. Their inception on June 23, 1983, under the banner of Green Alternative Party (GAP), marked a pivotal moment in Luxembourg's political history, introducing environmentalistic approach as a base of new political direction for the country.

The Greens Party has progressively gained representation in the Chamber of Deputies, it is now the fourth-largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, holding 9 out of the 60 seats after the 2018 legislative elections. 

9 seats
holds Greens
12 seats
holds DP
10 seats
holds LSAP

In a watershed moment in November 2013, The Greens achieved a milestone by joining a coalition government for the first time. Since then, they have been integral members of the Bettel II Government, alongside the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) and the Democratic Party (DP).


Political Guide

Structure and representativeness

The Greens Luxembourg’s Party boasts a membership of approximately 1050 individuals, positioning it as the fifth-largest political party in the country in terms of member count. At the helm of the party's leadership are Djuna Bernard and Meris Šehović, serving as co-presidents.

The inner life of a party

Central to the party's decision-making process is the biennial Congress, which serves as the supreme governing body of The Greens. Comprising all party members, the Congress plays a pivotal role in defining the party's political strategies and overarching goals. During their meetings, key party positions are elected, ensuring a democratic representation of the membership.

As the highest authority within the party, the Congress sets the political and strategic course of The Greens. It is where members come together to vote on key decisions and elect representatives to various party bodies.
Steering Committee
Composed of 25 members, they implement the decisions made by the Congress and prepare thematic discussions for future congresses.
Executive Board
The Executive Board is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of the party, this body handles the technical and organizational aspects of party management, ensuring smooth operations.
The treasurer manages the central finances of the party within the framework of the annual budget, ensuring financial transparency and stability. Most of the parties have this position.
Control Commission
Responsible for statutory and financial oversight, this commission also serves as a reconciliatory body within the party.
Gender Equality Council
Focused on promoting gender equality in politics, economics and society, this council strives to eliminate gender-based discrimination in all forms.
Circle of Green Members in Municipal Councils
This body represents the party's elected officials at the local level and addresses pertinent issues in municipal politics. Municipalities are assigned to the appropriate regional constituency. There are four such divisions.
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Electoral system divides the country into four constituencies. The number of seats allocated to each constituency is proportional to its population

seats in the South
seats in the Center
seats in the North
seats in the East

People and influence in the party

Key personnel profiles

The Greens Party in Luxembourg boasts a diverse array of individuals holding key positions within the party, contributing to its vibrant political landscape.

Leaders of the party

Djuna Bernard
She has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies since December 2018, when she replaced Sam Tanson, who took the minister position, making Bernard the youngest deputy in the Chamber at 26 years old.
Meris Šehović
After Christian Kmiotek announced his resignation from the position of party chair, Šehović was elected by the Green Party's Congress in 2020 to succeed him as party leader. Year later he was re-elected for another three years at the party leadership, together with Djuna Bernard.
François Bausch
Among the party's notable figures is François Bausch, who holds the position of Vice-Prime Minister and serves as the Minister of Defense and Minister of Mobility and Public Works. The party also has four other ministers contributing to various government portfolios.

Other key members of the party

Claude Turmes
Minister of Town and Country Planning, Minister of Energy
Henri Kox
Minister of Housing, Minister of Internal Security
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Joëlle Welfring
Minister for the Environment
Sam Tanson
Minister of Justice, Minister of Culture

The Greens Party has progressively gained representation in the Chamber of Deputies. It is now the fourth-largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, holding 9 out of the 60 seats after the 2018 legislative elections. The upcoming elections offer new opportunities for party representatives to further strengthen their position in the state, especially in the context of the current environmental crisis.

Greens vote share in 2018
CSV vote share in 2018
LSAP vote share in 2018
Greens seats in Chamber of Deputies in Luxebmourg graphs, political statistics
Participation graphs by Luxtoday. Information source: Wikipedia

In the 2019 European elections, The Greens secured one out of six seats in the European Parliament, which is currently held by Tilly Metz, representing the party's interests at the European level.

There are 705 seats in the European Parliament.

These seats are divided among member countries based on their population size.

6 seats
are granted to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in the European Parliament
96 seats
are held by Germany, the most populous EU state, and the neighbor of the GDL

The Greens’ current political stance

The Greens Party, firmly positioned in the center-left of the political spectrum, champions society's responsibility in fostering sustainable development. They are committed to a coalition with the LSAP and DP, reflecting their dedication to cooperative governance.

The party and its cornerstones

The Greens advocate for an all-encompassing ecological approach that guarantees equal rights for all, combats poverty, discrimination, and oppression and transforms social emancipation into a reality.

Party views visualization

Politics graph Luxebmourg parties
The political landscape is rather diverse in Luxembourg. Information source:
Greens' fundamental principles and ideology
Justice and solidarity
The party is committed to building a society where fairness and sense of community reigns.
Greens adhere to the principle of sustainable development and environmental protection.
Humanistic freedom
The party supports the right of every person to self-determination and freedom.
Rule of law
Greens are confident that everyone is equal before the law, and advocate for transparency.
Democracy and participation
The party believes that democracy is based on equal and unrestricted participation.
Diversity and cohesion
Defending equality between men and women is an important part of the party's agenda.

These principles aim to address various social domains, emphasizing that progress can only be achieved when values such as ecology, human rights, solidarity, democracy, social justice, economic ecological policies, gender equality, and immigrant participatory rights are respected and promoted.

Political program

The Greens Party's comprehensive political program is underpinned by an ambitious vision, as articulated by co-president Meris Sehovic, who describes it as a "bold project with socially viable solutions." At its core, their program revolves around climate policy, a focal point that permeates every facet of their agenda.

You can see the complete program for 2023 elections on The Greens website; but for your convenience, we provide you a direct download link of the program and a condensed summary of some of their key priorities.

Environmental initiatives
Housing and urban planning
Family life and employment

Party representation

The Greens Party in Luxembourg stands firmly as a green political party, naturally making the sustainable development one of its central topics. They primarily represent individuals who share their values and philosophical outlook on addressing the numerous ecological and societal crises and conflicts that have recently transcended national and international borders.

Electorate demographics

The party is popular among many parts of the community
Middle-income families
Younger voters
Agricultural workers

The party's appeal lies in its recognition that future challenges cannot be adequately addressed through the one-dimensional policies of both capitalist and socialist ideologies, nor do they align with the solutions proposed by conservative, social-democratic, or liberal parties.

While a significant portion of the population shares the desire for greater environmental protection and a more sustainable future, The Greens have faced challenges in convincing a broad majority of voters. This is reflected in the party's performance in recent local elections.  As expressed by Josée Lorsché, a member of the Chamber of Deputies and president of the Greens in the Chamber since 2018, the current situation for The Greens can be characterized as a "difficult period," a paradox where their ideals resonate with many but have not yet translated into overwhelming electoral success.

Photo from the Green Party Europe Facebook page
The Green party in comparison
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The Greens party office is located in Luxembourg City

Brief history of the party

The Greens Party of Luxembourg is quite young. It was founded only in 1983, but has already earned recognition, the trust of voters and a place in the current government.

The birth of GAP and GLEI: 1983-1985

  • In 1983, the Gréng Alternativ Partei (Green Alternative Party), or GAP for short, was founded on Luxembourg's national day. It emerged as part of the European movement against nuclear power and increased arms, inspired by events such as nuclear tests. The party's founding principles centered on environmental protection, solidarity, human values (especially towards developing nations), gender equality, social justice, and democracy. Some founders came from other political parties, while others joined from extreme-left factions, all seeking a stronger environmental focus.
  • In 1984, GAP won two mandates in its first national election. However, just a year later, a separate group called the Gréng Lëscht Ekologesch Initiativ (Green List Ecological Initiative), GLEI for short, was formed within the party.

The split and reunification: 1989-1999

  • Before the 1989 national elections, GAP and GLEI have officially splitted into two separate parties, both securing two seats in the Chamber of Deputies in Luxembourg.
  • In 1994, they joined forces on a "green list," gaining five seats and becoming the fourth-largest party in the parliament. The following year, GAP and GLEI reunited under its modern Luxembourgish name – Déi Gréng.
  • From 1989 to 1999, the party used a rotation principle in the Chamber, with seats occupied by different representatives throughout the legislature.

Modern times and the Democratic party: 1980s-2023

François Bausch
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Mobility and Transport
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  • In 1999, Déi Gréng lost some support but still retained five seats in the Chamber. They increased to seven seats during the 2004 national election.
  • Although initially in opposition, the Greens were invited to coalition discussion with the CSV in 2004. In 2009, they reclaimed their seven seats and are currently the fourth-strongest party in Luxembourg, in opposition to the Juncker/Asselborn (CSV/LSAP) government.
  • After the 2013 elections, The Greens formed a coalition with the Socialist Party (LSAP) and the Democratic Party (DP) to enter government for the first time in their history.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Where does The Greens stand on the political spectrum

What is the current political landscape for The Greens in Luxembourg

What are the core principles and values of The Greens Party in Luxembourg

Has The Greens ever held the position of Prime Minister in Luxembourg

We took photos from these sources: Déi Gréng website;, author Yves Kortum; Déi Gréng Facebook official page; Wikimedia

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