How to obtain a visa to Luxembourg for Nigerian nationals

In this article, we provide a comprehensive guide on how to get a Luxembourg visa from Nigeria. We look in deep at the different visa types available, the necessary documentation, and the application process.

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As a member of the European Union and the Schengen Area, Luxembourg offers numerous advantages to its residents, including access to the EU job market, unrestricted movement within the EU, and a high standard of living. These factors make Luxembourg an enticing destination for both tourists and those seeking new opportunities. If you are a Nigerian citizen, obtaining a visa is a mandatory requirement to visit Luxembourg. The visa application process can be complex and challenging, especially for first-time applicants.

How many Nigerians live in Luxembourg?

Over the years, the Nigerian population in Luxembourg has steadily grown, reflecting an increasing interest and connection between the two countries. By 2023 the number of residents from Nigeria in Luxembourg has shown a nearly threefold increase in a decade. 

Nigerian residents in 2014
of the total population in 2014
Nigerian residents in 2023
Of the total population in 2023

However, when examining statistics on the countries with the highest immigration rates in Luxembourg, Nigeria finds itself at the bottom of the list. The 440 Nigerian residents in 2023 make up a relatively small percentage of the foreign population in Luxembourg. Portugal leads the list with an impressive 92,101 citizens, followed by France with 49,104, Italy with 24,676, Belgium with 24,676, and Germany with 12,678.

Source: Luxtoday with data from

Types of Luxembourg visas for Nigerian citizens

When it comes to obtaining a visa for Luxembourg from Nigeria, there are two main options based on the duration and nature of the stay: short-stay visas and long-stay visas. It's important to note that the process and types of Luxembourgish visas available for Nigerian citizens are the same as for any non-European foreigner.

In the following sections, we will examine each visa type in detail, starting with short-stay visas covering visits for tourism, business, or family purposes. Subsequently, we'll explore long-stay visas designed for those seeking employment, studies, or extended stays in Luxembourg. Additionally, we'll discuss residence permits, crucial for individuals planning to settle in Luxembourg for over a year.

Short-stay visas for Luxembourg

It is intended for purposes such as:Those intending to enter the country for a brief period should apply for a short-stay visa, also known as a type C visa. This visa allows transit or stays in Luxembourg and the Schengen area for a maximum of 90 days within 180 days.

It is intended for purposes such as:

Tourist and family visits to the country
Conferences, trade fairs, exhibitions
Business travel, ex. concluding contracts
Provision of services within the companies

Long stay visas for Luxembourg

Individuals planning to stay in Luxembourg for more than three months must apply for a long-stay visa, also known as a type D visa. In many cases, this visa is a necessary preliminary step for those aiming to become residents in Luxembourg. 

Long-stay visa is intended for:

  • Holders of a temporary residence permit.
  • Holders of a work permit for paid employment.
  • Those who are going to join a family member who is an EU citizen.
  • Those who want to carry out any other type of activities such as self-employed work, studies, research, or sports activities.

Before applying for a D visa, you must request a work permit from the Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.

Luxembourg residence permits for Nigerian nationals

If your inquiry is how to immigrate to Luxembourg from Nigeria with plans to settle in the country for more than a year, either for study or work, it's crucial to understand that the process goes beyond obtaining a visa. While obtaining a long-stay visa (type D) is necessary, it is only the first step; the subsequent step involves obtaining a residence permit.

Unlike a visa, a residence permit grants individuals the right to reside and engage in specific activities in Luxembourg for a longer duration. There are several types of residence permits available, tailored to accommodate different purposes and activities that individuals may wish to pursue.

What is a titre de sejour?

Unlike a visa, a residence permit grants individuals the right to reside and engage in specific activities in Luxembourg for a more extended period. There are various types of residence permits based on the activities individuals plan to undertake in Luxembourg and their family relationships.

Some of the situations that have attached a specific resident permit or have a specific procedure include:

Each residence permit has its own set of requirements and procedures for application. These may include demonstrating specific qualifications, providing proof of employment or sponsorship, showing sufficient financial means, and adhering to the necessary documentation and administrative procedures.


Check our relocation guide for salaried workers

Application process for Luxembourg visa for Nigerians

Obtaining a short or long-stay visa or a residence permit for Luxembourg requires careful planning and adherence to a well-defined application process. In this section, we will guide you through the necessary steps to secure a visa for your visit. The process involves crucial considerations such as determining the purpose of entry, gathering the required documents, and ultimately submitting your visa application. Let's take a look at each step in more detail.

Decide on the grounds for entry

Having a clear understanding of the purpose of your entry into Luxembourg is the first step in the visa application process. Different reasons for visiting Luxembourg entail specific visa types and corresponding application procedures. Let's explore the various grounds for entry and the appropriate visa types for each.

Tourist or family visits

Visiting Luxembourg for travel, tourism, and exploring its beautiful locales is the most common reason for entry. For short-term visits, under 3 months, typically required for tourism, a C visa is needed. However, if the planned stay exceeds 3 months, such as visiting family for an extended period, a D visa is required.

Business entry to Luxembourg

If your visit to Luxembourg is for business purposes, such as visiting business partners, negotiating and concluding contracts, or participating in boards of directors and general meetings, a C visa is typically sufficient.

Employment in Luxembourg as ground

If you are interested in obtaining a Luxembourg work visa from Nigeria, whether for a short period of less than 90 days or a longer period, applying for a type D visa is necessary to work legally in Luxembourg. This visa applies to various types of workers, including employees, self-employed individuals, highly qualified workers, posted employees, researchers, professional athletes, and au pairs. If you intend to settle in Luxembourg and work for more than a year, you will also need to apply for a residence permit.

Study related entry

If you plan to pursue studies in Luxembourg, you will need to apply for a type D visa, demonstrating enrollment in a recognized educational institution and sufficient financial means. This entails having resources to cover housing, transportation, food, entertainment, and miscellaneous expenses. Specifically, the state requires having at least 80% of the current social integration income, currently set at 1,201 euros per month. This translates to a monthly requirement of at least 860.8 euros, approximately 805,258 Nigerian Nairas. While this type of visa allows for an extended stay, given that studies typically last more than a year, you will also need to apply for a student residence permit..

Family reunification as entry ground

Family reunification serves as a ground for entry into Luxembourg, allowing individuals to join their family members who are already residing in the country.

Private reasons as ground for entry

Private reasons serve as grounds for entry in special cases, complementing the aforementioned categories. As a Nigerian citizen, you can enter Luxembourg for private reasons when financially self-sufficient or when having stable personal or family ties in Luxembourg but not meeting the conditions for family reunification. In this case, a D visa must be applied for, along with a residence permit if intending to stay for more than a year.

Collect the documents

Preparing for a successful visa application to Luxembourg involves the meticulous collection of essential documents that substantiate the purpose and legitimacy of your visit. This crucial step demands attention to detail and compliance with specific requirements outlined by Luxembourg's immigration authorities.

Below is a comprehensive list of the Luxembourg visa requirements for Nigerian citizens; however, it's important to note that additional documents may be necessary depending on the specific nature of your case. Ensure thoroughness in assembling the following documents to strengthen your application and facilitate a smooth processing experience.

Documents for visa application for Nigerian nationals to Luxembourg
Documents required
Collect the necessary documents and check them out.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
2 application forms
Fully completed copies of the Schengen visa application form
2 photos
Recent and identical passport photos
International passport
Must be valid for at least three months beyond your planned stay
Proof of accommodation
Either at a friend's or relative's home, rent or at a hotel
Proof of sufficient financial means
To cover your stay in Luxembourg or a financial statement of support from a reference person in Luxembourg.
Proof of legal residence
In the country of origin or, if you are a Nigerian citizen living in another country, proof of legal residence in the country where you reside.
Health insurance
Covering the travel period
Other supporting documents associated with the purpose of the journey
Proof of enrollment in a recognized educational institution, an official letter of invitation for a business visit, an employment contract, a round-trip air ticket, or a flight itinerary reservation.
Documents required
Collect the necessary documents and check them out.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Piece of advice

Depending on the type of visa, especially for short-term tourist visas, you may need to show a travel itinerary. Although there is the option of getting the airline ticket, this option is certainly a risky bet, as you are not sure of many things, including whether you will get visa approval. So, instead of emptying your pocket on buying an actual ticket, a generally accepted option is to submit a flight itinerary reservation.

Apply for necessary papers to stay in Luxembourg

The application process varies depending on whether you are applying for a C visa or a D visa. In either case, you'll need to visit the Embassy of Luxembourg or a diplomatic or consular representation of Luxembourg.

In Nigeria, as there is no Luxembourg Embassy, the Embassy of Belgium in Abuja serves as the diplomatic representation for Luxembourg, where you will need to submit your visa application.

9, Usuma Street, Maitama, Abuja
(+234) 806 9792233
9:30 – 16:00
9:30 – 11:00

Please schedule your appointment via e-Appointment!

For those residing in another country, it is essential to approach the Luxembourg Embassy in their country of residence. The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Luxembourg's website provides a comprehensive list of all Luxembourgish embassies worldwide.

Applicaiton for a C visa

To apply for a C visa, schedule an appointment at the Embassy of Belgium in Abuja, which acts as the diplomatic representative for Luxembourg in Nigeria. Ensure that the appointment is scheduled at least 15 days before your planned visit and no more than 6 months before its commencement. On the appointment day, personally bring all the required documents and submit your application

Read our step-by-step instruction on visa application
Visa to Luxembourg

Application for a D visa

The process consists of two steps. First, you will need to apply for a temporary authorisation to stay, then submit a long-stay D visa application, when you are granted the approval of your stay from the Ministry.

Apply for temporary authorization to stay
Submit a long-stay D visa application

How long does it take to get a Luxembourg visa from Nigeria?

Question of time

Applications for a Short-stay C visa are typically resolved within 15 days from the date of filing.

In Luxembourg, the processing time for short-stay C visas is normally completed within 15 days from the date of application. However, in certain circumstances, the process can take up to 30 or even 45 days.

On the other hand, the time taken to obtain a long-stay D visa in Luxembourg varies depending on the nature of the activities planned in the country. The processing time for these visas is determined accordingly.

Common reasons for visa rejection for Nigerians

Here are some key reasons why a visa application might be rejected. Take a careful look at these points to ensure the smooth processing of your application.

Unclear purpose of visit
Clearly detail the purpose of your trip to Luxembourg by adding a letter to your documents explaining the reason for your visit.
Insufficient financial evidence
Make sure to meet the financial requirements specified for your visa type and provide ample proof of funds.
Unreliable or fake travel documents
Always submit genuine documents from reputable sources to avoid any doubts about the reliability of your travel papers.
Inadequate travel insurance coverage
Ensure your travel insurance covers a minimum of 30,000 euros, including medical repatriation, urgent medical care, and emergency hospital treatment, and is valid for the Schengen Area.
Lack of sufficient evidence of intent to return
Depending on the visa type, demonstrate your plans to return to Nigeria. This may not be necessary for long-stay visas, especially if you have an indefinite job offer in Luxembourg. Showcase ties to Nigeria, such as family relationships or employment connections, to evidence your intent to return.
Human errors
Mistakes can occur. If you believe there has been an error in the decision, consider appealing the decision.
Show all

How much it costs to get a visa to Luxembourg?

Finally, let's address a crucial detail: the Luxembourg visa price in Nigeria. The following table outlines the costs according to the type of visa. The cost of the visa will be determined based on the fees you need to pay in order to get it. A standard consular fee varies depending on the personal situation and status.

Besides, you will need to translate necessary documents, pay for the photos, and other visa-related expenses, but these costs are depending on your personal situation.

Visa fees to Luxembourg for Nigeria nationals
Type of visaFee in eurosFee in naira
Short-stay visa (C)90 euros~ 143,847
Long-stay visa (D)50 euros~ 79,915
Visa for children between the age of 6 and 1245 euros~ 71,923
Visa for children under 6 years of age and visas for pupils, students, and teachers accompanying them on school trips or educational study trips.FreeFree
Visa for researchers going abroad to carry out scientific research.FreeFree
Visa for representatives of non-profit making organizations aged 25 years at most who participate in seminars, conferences, or sports, cultural or educational events.FreeFree
Visa for family members of an EU/EEA nationalFreeFree
Prices have changed

In June 2024, the fee for a Schengen visa increased. The revenue generated from visa applications will be reinvested to provide more resources, including staff, to process visa applications. This should reduce the waiting time for a Schengen visa appointment.

Application for a residence permit in Luxembourg for Nigerian citizens 

If you plan to stay in Luxembourg for an extended period, you'll likely need to apply for a residence permit in addition to the long-stay D visa. This process involves three additional steps.

Arrival declaration
Medical examination
Residence Permit application

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Where do I apply for a Luxembourg visa in Nigeria?

What documents do I need to submit for a Luxembourg visa application?

Can I apply for a residence permit directly, or is a visa required first?

Can I appeal if my visa application is rejected?

How can I demonstrate my intent to return to Nigeria?

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We took photos from these sources: Tope A. Asokere and uncoveredlens Eze Joshua for Pexels, self-creation with data from

Authors: Luz
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