Photo from the Left party Instagram page

Left Party in Luxembourg – Déi Lénk (DL)

In this article, we delve into the structure and representativeness of Déi Lénk, shedding light on its leadership and influential members, party's current political stance and historical roots.

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Déi Lénk as it's called in Luxembourgish, is a left-leaning political group in Luxembourg. Established in 1999 by former members of the Communists (KPL) and others from diverse left-wing origins, they are associated with the Party of the European Left and The Left in the European Parliament. While Déi Lénk isn't among the biggest parties and has just 2 seats in Parliament, it resonates with a significant number of voters, especially in the South and Center regions of the nation.

The Left party at a glance

The Luxembourg Left party is dedicated to advancing the principles of social justice, economic equality, and a greater role for the state in personal and economic matters. The DL passionately supports the interests of the working class and consistently receives strong support from trade unions, employees, and those who prioritize social welfare and income equality over capitalism.

Currently holding 2 out of 60 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, The Left ranks as the sixth-largest party in Luxembourg. Déi Lénk's ambition to transform the country from a constitutional monarchy into a republic is one of the cornerstones of its unique political approach.

2 seats
holds Left 
21 seats
holds CSV
10 seats
holds LSAP

Initially, these seats were held by Marc Baum and David Wagner. However, the party follows a three-year rotation rule for its deputies. In 2021, they were replaced by Myriam Cecchetti and Nathalie Oberweis, reflecting the party's commitment to inclusivity and rotation.


Political Guide

Structure and representativeness

In Luxembourg, the Left party operates within a unique structure that includes 650 members. What sets Déi Lénk apart is its collective approach to leadership; the party does not have a formal president.

The inner life of a party

At the national level, Déi Lénk is organized through three key bodies: the Congress, the National Coordination, and the Coordination Bureau. These structures facilitate the decision-making processes and guide the party's activities.

It meets annually, and all members have the right to vote on important matters. Enthusiasts may also actively participate in discussions but do not have a vote. The inclusiveness is evident as anyone interested is welcome to attend, fostering open dialogue and engagement.
National Coordination
Congress determines the composition of the National Coordination on an annual basis. There is no limit on the number of members, allowing for a broad representation of the party's base. The CoNa is responsible for making important political and financial decisions.
Coordination Bureau
Responsible for day-to-day management, it consists of up to 9 National Coordination members. They meet weekly to discuss organizational, financial and administrative issues, as well as to monitor the political landscape. The BuCo also functions as the employer of the party's staff, who help the party function and implement decisions.

In municipalities where the party has a seat on the local council, the section takes the lead in developing and implementing political initiatives.

Electoral system divides the country into four constituencies. The number of seats allocated to each constituency is proportional to its population

seats in the South
seats in the Center
seats in the North
seats in the East

People and influence in the party

Key personnel profiles

In the absence of a formal presidency, déi Lénk is represented by two spokespersons: Gary Diderich and Carole Thoma. Another prominent member of the party is Nathalie Oberweis. As of 2023 Congress, the party is made up of 45 people.

Leaders of the party

Gary Diderich
Diderich began his political journey at the young age of 14 with The Greens. Following a break, he resumed his political activities in 2009 with The Left party. He was a municipal councillor in Differdange from 2012 to 2020 and was re-elected in 2023. Since 2016, he is the national co-spokesman of the party.
Carole Thoma
She became a member of déi Lénk in 2011. Since 2015, Thoma serves as a co-spokesperson of déi Lénk. She is also a member of the OGBL trade union and the Chamber of Employees.
Nathalie Oberweis
Coming from a well-known Luxembourg family, she is one of the prominent figures of the party, representing the Left in the Chamber of Deputies since 2021. She works together with Cecchetti in the parliament.
Myriam Cecchetti
Was appointed Municipal Councillor of Sanem from 2005 to 2010 and the member of the Municipal Council from 2010 to 2017. After the elections of 2017, Cecchetti was elected municipal councillor for Déi Lénk. In 2021 she became a member of the Chamber of Deputies.

Other key members of the party

Marc Baum
Politician and actor. Represented the Left in the Chamber of Deputies
David Wagner
Former member of the Chamber of Deputies in 2015-2021
Guy Foetz
Founding member of Dei Lenk and the local office councilor
Patrizia Arendt
Member of the City Council from the Left party in Luxembourg

The DL is the sixth largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, behind the ADR. In the 2018 legislative elections, the party secured 5.5% of the popular vote, solidifying its role as a major political force in the country. Previous elections in the country brought them 2 seats in the Chamber.

Left vote share in 2018
CSV vote share in 2018
LSAP vote share in 2018
Dei Lenk seats in Chamber of Deputies
Participation graphs by Luxtoday. Information source: Wikipedia

Following the 2019 European Parliament elections, Déi Lénk did not secure any seats among the six available in the European Parliament.

The Left's current political stance

This fraction in Luxembourg tends to support social equality and communal values. Déi Lénk stands for the ideas of fairness for everyone, against systems where some people are considered more important than others.

The party and its cornerstones

It was mainly founded by people who had a disagreement with the KPL views. So initially, many of its supporters were former KPL voters. Today, Déi Lénk attracts a broader spectrum of leftist voters, as evidenced by the total number of votes — it increased from 62,071 in 2004 to 193,951 in the last election.

Party views visualization

Déi Lénk commits to representing the interests of electorate that
champion social equality
have progressive values

The Left Party positions itself between moderate and extreme left-wing beliefs. It is a group that stands for social equality and opposes the dominant capitalist system in order to create a more just society.

Electorate growth in almost 20 years
Votes equally polled in South and Cente in 2018
Votes polled overall in East and North in 2018

However, it's worth noting that the party faces challenges in achieving rapid growth lately, as it did not secure new parliamentary seats in the most recent elections.

Political program

The Left Party positions itself between moderate and extreme left-wing beliefs. It is a group that stands for social equality and opposes the dominant capitalist system in order to create a more just society.

Society and social security
Public housing
Public ownership
Family and future

Party representation

Déi Lénk stands for the ideas of social equality and fairness for everyone, against systems where some people are considered more important than others. It is a political group that welcomes people who have forward-thinking beliefs and are dedicated to working towards a society where there is greater fairness and equal opportunities for all. It identifies as a social, democratic, and anticapitalistic movement.

Electorate of the Left party

Working class
Political activists

Déi Lénk attracts a broader spectrum of leftist voters, as evidenced by the total number of votes. 12% of votes were equally polled in both the South and Cente constituencies in 2018, while 7% of votes polled overall in the East and North.

Déi Lénk advocates for a genuine democracy marked by active citizen participation. They seek a participatory democracy where transparency prevails in the political decision-making process. Their vision encompasses a political landscape that encourages direct citizen involvement and fosters greater accountability among elected officials. It's also important to note that Déi Lénk aspires to transition Luxembourg from a constitutional monarchy to a republic.

Photo from dei Lenk Facebook page
Left party in comparison
Trade unionsNoYesYesYes
The Left party is located in Luxembourg City

Brief history of the party

Despite its relatively short existence, the party has managed to change a lot and continues to change for the sake of better solutions.

Foundation of the party: 1993-2010

  • 1993: Dissident Marxists leave the Luxembourg Communist Party (KPL) and, along with other left-wing activists, form the New Left (Nei Lénk) due to ideological disputes.
  • 1999: The New Left becomes La Gauche, a unitary movement gathering primarily ex-KPL members but accepting individual memberships. Positioned to the left of social democracy, it contests elections. La Gauche, in alliance with the KPL and other smaller parties, secures 3.3% of the vote and one parliamentary seat.
  • 2000: André Hoffmann becomes deputy mayor of Esch-sur-Alzette, leading to Aloyse Bisdorff taking his parliamentary seat.
  • 2004: Tensions arise with the KPL over the movement's evolving political role. Separate electoral lists were presented in the 2004 elections, with La Gauche obtaining 1.9% of the vote and no seats. La Gauche associates with the European United Left/Nordic Green Left group despite not securing a parliamentary seat in the European elections.
  • 2009: La Gauche negotiates with the KPL for joint electoral lists but faces reluctance. Nevertheless, it won 3.3% of the vote in the legislative elections, reclaiming André Hoffmann's parliamentary seat.

Modern Left party: 2011 to present

Nathalie Oberweis
Member of the Chamber of Deputies in Luxembourg from the Left
  • 2013: The party secures two seats in the chamber, Serge Urbany and Justin Turpel.
  • 2017: La Gauche retains its mandates in Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg City, Dudelange, and Differdange from the 2011 municipal elections. It also secures a second mandate in Sassenheim with 13.03% of the votes and enters lists in Strassen, Hesperingen, and Petingen, though without winning mandates.
  • 2018: In the parliamentary elections, Déi Lénk comfortably won two seats, with David Wagner and Marc Baum as MPs. In May 2021, Nathalie Oberweis and Myriam Cecchetti took office as part of a rotation.
  • 2022: Nathalie Oberweis, a Déi Lénk MP, advocates for a peace solution to the Ukraine-Russia conflict, suggesting Ukraine should renounce NATO accession.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Where does dei Lenk stand on the political spectrum

What are the core principles and values of the Left party in Luxembourg

Has Leftists ever held the position of Prime Minister in Luxembourg

We took photos from these sources: Left Party website;, author Yves Kortum; Left Party Facebook official page; Wikimedia

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