Source: Li Jia, Unsplash

Grounds for entry into Luxembourg and required documents

The reasons for entry, and therefore the documents you will need to obtain, will depend on the length of stay planned, as well as the other relevant conditions accompanying the process.

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The Grand Duchy is currently open for entry. It is possible to enter the country if the entry requirements are met. There are many grounds for entry to Luxembourg: residence permit, study, work, business and investment, as well as fleeing war and seeking political asylum. In this article, we will explore the grounds on which you can enter the country in 2023 in detail.

Since October 2022, third-country nationals may travel to the Grand Duchy of the COVID-19 vaccination status for all types of travel, including non-essential.

The reasons for entry, and therefore the documents you will need to obtain, will depend on the length of stay planned, as well as the other relevant conditions accompanying the process.

Regardless of the grounds, for a third-country national to enter Luxembourg, a Schengen visa will be required. For any visa in Luxembourg, you may need to provide documents to prove the purpose of your trip and other factors such as financial solvency.

Read about specifics of obtaining a visa for legal stay in Luxembourg in our special article of the Knowledge Library — With or without visa: grounds for legal stay in Luxembourg.

Who can enter Luxembourg without grounds

There are few categories of people, who do not need special documents or grounds when entering the Grand Duchy. You may cross the border of Luxembourg without restrictions if you are a citizen of European Union countries and the Schengen Zone.

Source: Luxtoday collage

People from these countries can enter freely when presenting official travel documents, proving their EU-residency:

Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Norway, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Croatia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland.

The list also includes San Marino, Andorra, Monaco, and the Vatican.

All non-EU countries, except for Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Norway, and Iceland are considered third countries and people who come from there must have some reasons to enter the country and will have to obtain special documents.

List of countries
You can see the list of all countries, that require the visa and entry grounds in this brochure, provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Luxembourg.
You can see the list of all countries, that require the visa and entry grounds in this brochure, provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Luxembourg.

Entry from third countries

Entry requirements for third-country nationals may vary. Different types of visas are available, depending on the purpose and duration of the intended stay, as well as depending on the country you are coming from.

However, if a non-EU national holds a residence permit as a family member of an EU citizen or a valid residence permit from another EU country, they to enter Luxembourg.

There are two main types of visa, that allow entering and staying in the country for a different amount of time:

  • Visa C for short-stay with an interrupted period of 90 days,
  • Visa D for long-stay for the period issued depending on the situation.

Keep in mind, that the A visa (for transit) is not suitable for entry into the country. An airport transit visa (A visa) is valid for travel through the international zone at airports, but it does not allow to enter the Schengen area.

Grounds for entry into Luxembourg for short stays

The C visa is designed for people visiting the country for short periods of up to 3 months once every six months. The grounds for obtaining the visa and entering could be a tourist trip, attending conferences and business meetings, providing services or visiting family. With this type of visa, you can stay in the Schengen area for 90 days and travel freely between member states.

You will need certain grounds to obtain a visa to enter Luxembourg as a third-country national even for a short-stay.

Tourist trip as an entry ground
Family visit grounds for entry into Luxembourg
Business entry grounds in Luxembourg

Grounds for entry into Luxembourg for a long-term stay

A long stay in this case is defined as a stay of more than 90 days. If you are planning to move to Luxembourg, you have to request temporary authorization to stay at the Immigration Directorate of the Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.

Before applying for a D visa, you have to obtain granted from the Ministry for all family members, including children.

The application procedure for the authorization to stay depends on the planned activity and your status: whether you plan to carry out any activity or have other reasons to request a long stay in the country.

Those reasons can be different. The most common grounds can be divided into several main categories.

Work grounds for entering Luxembourg
Studies as a ground for entry
Family reunification as entry ground
Private reasons ground for entry

International protection in Luxembourg

Refugee and subsidiary protection statuses in the European Union are granted to those who have left their home country because of the risk of serious harm, such as:

  • military conflict on the territory of a country,
  • persecution on racial, national or religious grounds,
  • prosecution on political grounds,
  • threats to the safety of lives of the person and their family,
  • low social status.

If you fall into one of these categories, you can come to Luxembourg and apply for refugee or subsidiary protection status immediately.

Apart from the two categories mentioned earlier, there is a third category known as temporary protection status, which is granted only in the case of a sudden surge of individuals who have been forced to leave their home country due to an emergency and cannot return for the moment. This status offers a temporary solution and is subject to revocation once the emergency situation resolves.

Like in other EU countries, it takes a long time – – to process your application. You will have to stay in the Grand Duchy during the procedure, as well as hand over your passport to the authorities. It will not be returned if you are granted asylum.

When you apply for any type of international protection, in 3 days you will receive «papier rose» – a special document, that allows you to stay move freely inside the country. You will need to renew the document each month in the Refugee Office.

Once you are granted an international protection residence permit in Luxembourg, you will have a residence permit for up to 5 years, employment and education rights, social security and health services as well as a document allowing you to move around the EU.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What are the most common grounds for entering Luxembourg

What documents do I need to enter Luxembourg

How can I get a refugee status and international protection in Luxembourg

We took photos from these sources: Li Jia, Unsplash

Authors: Daria
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