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How You Can Obtain a Residence Permit

Where do you start if you want to make Luxembourg your new home? Much depends on where you come from. Here is a guide to what you need to do.

A residence permit in Luxembourg is necessary for those going to stay in the country for a long time or move there forever. A residence permit is the first step toward becoming a citizen of the country.

What Are the Advantages of a Residence Permit in Luxembourg?

The document itself looks like a chip card with information about its owner: their passport and biometric data, as well as their photograph.

The residence permit in Luxembourg is not only an opportunity to move to the country; it also provides several rights and resources you can use throughout the EU. They include:

  • EU residency;
  • The opportunity to educate children in any EU country on a par with its citizens;
  • The right to work, run a business, purchase cars and real estate;
  • Getting social services.

What You Require to Obtain a Residence Permit

To qualify for a residence permit in Luxembourg, you must meet some of these criteria:

  • Stable income: you need to have a minimum amount for monthly stays in your bank account;
  • Permanent place of residence: owned property and rented living space;
  • Grounds for moving: work, study, family reunification, etc.

Residence Permit for EU Citizens

Citizens of the EU and Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland can move to Luxembourg to live there without a residence permit for the first three months.

To stay for more than three months, you need grounds for this, such as study in Luxembourg, employment, business or kinship with a Luxembourg citizen.

The documents to be provided depend on the status of an EU citizen.

You can learn them here:

Residence Permit for Non-EU Citizens

Citizens of non-EU countries who would like to stay in the country for up to three months must obtain a visa. Then, you can submit an application to the immigration office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to obtain a residence permit.

There are several ways of how you can legally stay in Luxembourg.

Grounds for Obtaining a Residence Permit

The main thing that an immigrant needs are the grounds for moving. They can include the following ones:


Foreign nationals who want to move to Luxembourg for employment must first sign a contract of work with a local company if they come from outside the EU.

The Luxembourg company, in turn, must apply for a work permit on behalf of the prospective employee. But first, the company must make sure it has done whatever it takes to find a citizen of its country or an EU citizen for this position.


Obtaining a residence permit by marriage enables a foreign spouse to claim citizenship after three years of marriage. But in addition to living together (the country’s authorities make sure that the marriage is not a fake), the spouse from another country must pass a test and a language exam.

Even if the couple divorced after three years, the immigrant status would remain.


A residence permit in Luxembourg must also be issued to students who have come to study in the country. The residence permit is issued for a year based on the university enrollment document. But you need to prolong the status.

During their studies, students are allowed to work part-time.


Obtaining a residence permit in Luxembourg for investment is a reliable way to get a toehold in the country. Investments can be direct (investments in the national economy) or in business.

  • If you invest in an existing company, you need to be able to invest at least 500,000 euros in the enterprise and keep your presence in it for five years.
  • If you open a company from scratch, these requirements are also supplemented by requiring you to hire at least five local citizens. All legal issues must be resolved with notaries and consultants of Luxembourg.

Direct investment involves capital investment in investment funds (at least 3,000,000 euros) or the creation of a deposit in a bank of the country (at least 20,000 euros).

You can obtain a residence permit in Luxembourg by an investment for three years, with an option to extend. After five years, the investor can claim permanent residence.

Purchasing a property is not considered an investment nor gives the right to obtain a residence permit in Luxembourg automatically.

Family Reunification

Foreigners with relatives in the Grand Duchy may move to the country. This involves family reunification. In this case, you can get a residence permit in Luxembourg by providing the migration agency with documents confirming the relationship. Your relatives must provide an official invitation and offer accommodation to the migrant.

We recommend you submit notarized copies of all official documents translated into English, French or German.

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