How to obtain a visa to Luxembourg for Ghanaian nationals

If you are a Ghanaian national, you will need a mandatory visa to visit Luxembourg, and obtaining one can be a complex and difficult process. Navigating the intricate requirements, paperwork and procedures can be overwhelming, especially for first-time applicants. In this article, we will present a comprehensive guide on how to obtain a visa for Luxembourg from Ghana.

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Luxembourg stands out as an attractive destination for living, working, or studying, drawing increasing numbers of people each year. However, immigration patterns vary, and nationals from different countries worldwide immigrate to the Grand Duchy to different extents. Ghana is among the countries with lower representation, both in terms of the total population and the foreign population.

How many Ghanaians live in Luxembourg?

Before we jump into the bureaucracy and visa procedures, we’ll examine the scene and address some interesting questions, such as how many Ghanaian citizens live in Luxembourg, how many arrive each year, and why.

Although the Ghanaian population in Luxembourg is small, comprising only 63 individuals, this number has steadily increased since 2014 when there were only 16 Ghanaians. The population has quadrupled since then. However, it's worth noting a significant reduction in population from 2013 to 2014 when there were 77 Ghanaians in the country. With the increase in the Ghanaian population since that decline, the number of Ghanaians has nearly reached the 2013 level.

Ghana Luxembourg
Source: created with data from
Ghanaian nationals lived in Luxembourg on January 1, 2023
of the population in Luxembourg is from Ghana
of the foreign population in the country is from Ghana
Ghanaian population has quadrupled from 2014 to 2023

Another interesting data point to analyze, besides the absolute number of Ghanaians in the country, is how many arrive to live each year and their main reasons. In the past year, only 14 Ghanaians relocated to Luxembourg, with 5 for family reasons, another five for studies, and four for work.

Ghana Luxembourg
Source: created with data from
Total population

In terms of the percentage of the Ghanaian population, it's very small, representing only 0.01% of the total population and 0.02% of the foreign population in Luxembourg. In fact, the African population in Luxembourg as a whole is minimal. The majority of the foreign population in Luxembourg originates from the European Union. Portugal leads the list with an impressive figure of 92,101 citizens, followed by France with 49,104 citizens, Italy with 24,676 citizens, Belgium with 24,676 citizens, and Germany with 12,678 citizens.

Types of Luxembourg visas for Ghanaian citizens

When obtaining a Luxembourg visa from Ghana, there are two main options based on the duration and nature of the stay: short-stay visas and long-stay visas. Additionally, depending on the purpose of the trip to Luxembourg, it may be necessary to apply for a residence permit. We'll also address this point by looking at when it's necessary to apply for it and the types of residence permits available.

It's important to note that the types of Luxembourg visas available for Ghanaian citizens, as well as the procedures for obtaining them, are the same as those for any non-European foreigner.

Official government site

You can find more information about short and long-stay visas on the government's dedicated page at

Short-stay visas for Luxembourg

Those intending to enter the country for a brief period should apply for a short-stay visa, also known as a type C visa. This visa allows transit or stays in Luxembourg and the Schengen area for a maximum of 90 days within 180 days.

It is intended for purposes such as
Tourist and family visits to the country
Conferences, trade fairs, exhibitions
Business travel, ex. concluding contracts
Provision of services within the companies

Long stay visas for Luxembourg

Individuals planning to stay in Luxembourg for more than three months must apply for a long-stay visa, also known as a type D visa. In many cases, this visa is a necessary preliminary step for those aiming to become residents in Luxembourg. 

Long-stay visa is intended for
  • Holders of a temporary residence permit.
  • Holders of a work permit for paid employment.
  • Those who are going to join a family member who is an EU citizen.
  • Those who want to carry out any other type of activities such as self-employed work, studies, research, or sports activities.
Work permit

Before applying for a D visa, you must request a work permit from the Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.

Luxembourg Residence permits for Ghana nationals

If your question is how to migrate to Luxembourg from Ghana because your plans include settling in the country for more than a year, either for studying or working, it's necessary to consider that the procedure goes beyond obtaining a visa. While obtaining a long-stay visa (type D visa) is necessary, this is only the first step; obtaining a residence permit is also required.

Unlike a visa, a residence permit grants individuals the right to reside and carry out specific activities in Luxembourg for a longer period. There are many types of residence permits according to the type of activities intended in Luxembourg and the family relationships of those applying for residence. Some situations or entry motives associated with a specific residence permit include:

What is a titre de sejour?

Unlike a visa, a residence permit grants individuals the right to reside and engage in specific activities in Luxembourg for a more extended period. There are various types of residence permits based on the activities individuals plan to undertake in Luxembourg and their family relationships.

Some of the situations that have attached a specific resident permit or have a specific procedure include:

Each residence permit has its own set of requirements and procedures for application. These may include demonstrating specific qualifications, providing proof of employment or sponsorship, showing sufficient financial means, and adhering to the necessary documentation and administrative procedures.


Check our relocation guide for salaried workers

Application process for Luxembourg visa from Ghana

If you are wondering, how can I apply for a Luxembourg visa in Ghana, this section will answer your questions. We will guide you through the necessary steps to determine which type of visa you need and how to apply for it. The process involves crucial considerations such as deciding on the purpose of entry, gathering necessary documents, and finally submitting your visa application, so let's look at each step in more detail.

Decide on the grounds for entry

Clarifying the purpose of your entry into Luxembourg is the first step in the visa application process. There are different reasons for visiting Luxembourg, each requiring a specific type of visa and corresponding application procedures.

Tourist or family visits

Visiting Luxembourg for travel, tourism, and exploring its beautiful locales is the most common reason for entry. For short-term visits, under 3 months, typically required for tourism, a C visa is needed. However, if the planned stay exceeds 3 months, such as visiting family for an extended period, a D visa is required.

Business entry to Luxembourg

If your visit to Luxembourg is for business purposes, such as visiting business partners, negotiating and concluding contracts, or participating in boards of directors and general meetings, a C visa is typically sufficient.

Employment in Luxembourg as ground

If you are interested in obtaining a Luxembourg work visa from Ghana, whether for a short period of less than 90 days or a longer period, applying for a type D visa is necessary to work legally in Luxembourg. This visa applies to various types of workers, including employees, self-employed individuals, highly qualified workers, posted employees, researchers, professional athletes, and au pairs. If you intend to settle in Luxembourg and work for more than a year, you will also need to apply for a residence permit. We recommend you take a look at our articles on employment in Luxembourg.

Study related entry

If you plan to pursue studies in Luxembourg, you will need to apply for a type D visa, demonstrating enrollment in a recognized educational institution and sufficient financial means. This entails having resources to cover housing, transportation, food, entertainment, and miscellaneous expenses. Specifically, the state requires having at least 80% of the current social integration income, currently set at 1,201 euros per month. Therefore, you will need to have at least 860.8 euros monthly, approximately 12,520 Ghanaian Cedis at the exchange rate as of early April 2024. This type of visa allows for a prolonged stay; however, since studies usually last more than a year, you will also need to apply for a residence permit as a student.

Family reunification as entry ground

Family reunification refers to the right of individuals to family life, which is found in Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Like many other European countries, Luxembourg applies European policy. This means that Luxembourg residents have the right to apply for visas for their close family members, such as spouses, minor children, or parents, for family reunification. It's also important to consider that family reunification has different conditions depending on the status of the "main migrant" to whom the various family members seeking reunification will be linked.

Private reasons as ground for entry

Private reasons serve as grounds for entry in special cases, complementing the aforementioned categories. As a Ghanaian citizen, you can enter Luxembourg for private reasons when financially self-sufficient or when having stable personal or family ties in Luxembourg but not meeting the conditions for family reunification. In this case, a D visa must be applied for, along with a residence permit if intending to stay for more than a year.

Collect the documents

Before proceeding with the visa application process, it's essential to ensure you have all the necessary documents in order. Collecting the required documents is a crucial step to demonstrate your eligibility and purpose of travel to Luxembourg. While the specific documents may vary depending on the type of visa and individual circumstances, there are general documents that are commonly required for most visa applications.

Below is a comprehensive list of the Luxembourg visa requirements for Ghanian citizens; however, it's important to note that additional documents may be necessary depending on the specific nature of your case. Ensure thoroughness in assembling the following documents to strengthen your application and facilitate a smooth processing experience.

Documents for visa application for Ghana nationals to Luxembourg
Documents required
Collect the necessary documents and check them out.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
2 application forms
Fully completed copies of the Schengen visa application form
2 photos
Recent and identical passport photos
International passport
Must be valid for at least three months beyond your planned stay
Proof of accommodation
Either at a friend's or relative's home, rent or at a hotel
Proof of sufficient financial means
To cover your stay in Luxembourg or a financial statement of support from a reference person in Luxembourg.
Proof of legal residence
Proof of legal residence in Ghana or, if you are a Ghanaian citizen living in another country, proof of legal residence in the country where you reside
Health insurance
Covering the travel period
Other supporting documents associated with the purpose of the journey
Proof of enrollment in a recognized educational institution, an official letter of invitation for a business visit, an employment contract, a round-trip air ticket, or a flight itinerary reservation.
Documents required
Collect the necessary documents and check them out.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Piece of advice

Depending on the type of visa, especially for short-term tourist visas, you may need to show a travel itinerary. Although there is the option of getting the airline ticket, this option is certainly a risky bet, as you are not sure of many things, including whether you will get visa approval. So, instead of emptying your pocket on buying an actual ticket, a generally accepted option is to submit a flight itinerary reservation.

Apply for necessary papers to stay in Luxembourg

The application process differs depending on whether you're applying for a C visa or a D visa. In both cases, you'll need to visit the Luxembourg Embassy.

But unfortunately, there is no Luxembourg Embassy in Ghana. You'll need to contact the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Accra, which serves as the diplomatic representation of Luxembourg.

No. 59A, Klottey Street, North Labone, Accra
(+233) 2 44 21 90 00
8:00 – 16:00
8:00 – 15:00

The website of the Luxembourg Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs provides a list of all Luxembourg embassies worldwide.

Applicaiton for a C visa

You must request an appointment at the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Accra, which diplomatically represents Luxembourg in Ghana. Please note that the appointment date must be at least 15 days before the planned visit and no more than 6 months before its commencement. On the day of the appointment, you'll need to personally bring all required documents and submit your application.

Read our step-by-step instruction on visa application
Visa to Luxembourg

Application for a D visa

The process consists of two steps. First, you will need to apply for a temporary authorisation to stay, then submit a long-stay D visa application, when you are granted the approval of your stay from the Ministry.

Apply for temporary authorization to stay
Submit a long-stay D visa application

How long does it take to get a Luxembourg visa from Ghana?

Question of time

Applications for a Short-stay C visa are typically resolved within 15 days from the date of filing.

In Luxembourg, the processing time for short-stay C visas is normally completed within 15 days from the date of application. However, in certain circumstances, the process can take up to 30 or even 45 days.

On the other hand, the time taken to obtain a long-stay D visa in Luxembourg varies depending on the nature of the activities planned in the country. The processing time for these visas is determined accordingly.

Common reasons for visa rejection

Here are some key reasons why a visa application might be rejected. Take a careful look at these points to ensure the smooth processing of your application.

Unclear purpose of visit
Clearly detail the purpose of your trip to Luxembourg by adding a letter to your documents explaining the reason for your visit.
Insufficient financial evidence
Make sure to meet the financial requirements specified for your visa type and provide ample proof of funds.
Unreliable or fake travel documents
Always submit genuine documents from reputable sources to avoid any doubts about the reliability of your travel papers.
Inadequate travel insurance coverage
Ensure your travel insurance covers a minimum of 30,000 euros, including medical repatriation, urgent medical care, and emergency hospital treatment, and is valid for the Schengen Area.
Lack of sufficient evidence of intent to return
Depending on the visa type, demonstrate your plans to return to Ghana. This may not be necessary for long-stay visas, especially if you have an indefinite job offer in Luxembourg. Showcase ties to your country, such as family relationships or employment connections, to evidence your intent to return.
Human errors
Mistakes can occur. If you believe there has been an error in the decision, consider appealing the decision.
Show all

How much it costs to get a visa to Luxembourg?

Finally, let's address a crucial detail: the Luxembourg visa price in Ghana. The following table outlines the costs according to the type of visa. The cost of the visa will be determined based on the fees you need to pay in order to get it. A standard consular fee varies depending on the personal situation and status.

Besides, you will need to translate necessary documents, pay for the photos, and other visa-related expenses, but these costs are usually depending on your personal situation.

Visa fees to Luxembourg for Ghana nationals
Type of visaFee in EURFee in GHS
Short-stay visa (C)90~ 1,459
Long-stay visa (D)50~ 810
Visa for children between the age of 6 and 1245~ 729
Visa for children under 6 years of age and visas for pupils, students, and teachers accompanying them on school trips or educational study trips.FreeFree
Visa for researchers going abroad to carry out scientific research.FreeFree
Visa for representatives of non-profit making organizations aged 25 years at most who participate in seminars, conferences, or sports, cultural or educational events.FreeFree
Visa for family members of an EU/EEA nationalFreeFree
Prices have changed

In June 2024, the fee for a Schengen visa increased. The revenue generated from visa applications will be reinvested to provide more resources, including staff, to process visa applications. This should reduce the waiting time for a Schengen visa appointment.

Application for a residence permit in Luxembourg for Ghana citizens 

If you plan to stay in Luxembourg for an extended period, you'll likely need to apply for a residence permit in addition to the long-stay D visa. This process involves three additional steps.

Arrival declaration
Medical examination
Residence Permit application

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What documents are required to apply for a Luxembourg visa from Ghana?

How much does it cost to obtain a visa to Luxembourg for Ghanaian nationals?

Can I apply for a long-term visa or residency permit as a Ghanaian national?

Can I appeal if my visa application is rejected?

Do I need to provide proof of accommodation and financial means for my visa application?

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We took photos from these sources: Virgyl Sowah on Unsplash, self-made graphs with information from

Authors: Luz
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