Source: Wikipedia
Communes and neighborhoods

Pfaffenthal: one of the oldest neighborhoods of Luxembourg City

In this article, we will weight the pros and cons of residing in Pfaffenthal, its transportation, community's infrastructure including schools, cultural centers, and more

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Nestled in the heart of Luxembourg's capital, Pfaffenthal stands as one of the city's oldest neighborhoods, its roots tracing back to Roman times alongside Grund and Clausen. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1994, Pfaffenthal sits gracefully in the Alzette Valley, stretching from Kirchberg to Limpertsberg, bordered by Weimerskirch and Eich to the north and Clausen and Grund to the south.

General characteristics of Pfaffenthal

Once a lesser-known and underappreciated district, Pfaffenthal has emerged from obscurity following its strategic development. Pfaffenthal exudes an undisturbed charm, resembling a timeless village that offers a serene ambiance, a stark contrast to the vibrancy of the Ville-Haute.

Population of the district

Once boasting a population of 2,500 inhabitants, Pfaffenthal witnessed a decline in popularity during the 19th century when the fortress was dismantled, leading to the neighborhood's abandonment.

Long overlooked and underappreciated, the area's inaccessibility was a significant factor until transformative changes took place. The installation of an elevator connecting it to the old town and a funicular linking it to the Kirchberg district marked a turning point.

The demographic data reflects Pfaffenthal's unique composition within the broader mosaic of Luxembourg City's multicultural landscape. Currently, the miniature neighborhood is a home to

of the capital's total population
1,303 residents
as of December 31, 2022

Ranking as the fourth least populated district in the capital, Pfaffenthal hosts a significant 61.73% foreign-born population, yet it holds the fourth-lowest percentage of foreign residents among the city's districts, with the capital's average standing at 70.82%.

Source: created with data from Ville de Luxembourg

Transport accessibility

Nestled in a prime location, Pfaffenthal enjoys an exceptional level of mobility, boasting a range of transportation options that enhance its connectivity to key destinations.

Here's a closer look at the various modes of transportation available in this privileged neighborhood:

By car
Traveling from Pfaffenthal to the city center, the train station, or the Kirchberg business district is effortlessly swift, taking less than 10 minutes to reach these central destinations.
By bus
Pfaffenthal is well-served by buses, with two lines running from north to south (lines 23 and 26). Additionally, east-west routes (lines 6, 12, 16, 18, 21, 32, CN4, and CN5) all pass over the Grand Duchess Charlotte Bridge. Although bus stops aren't within the neighborhood, they are readily accessible on both sides, via the panoramic elevator to the west and the funicular to the east.
By bike
Cycling proves to be one of the most efficient ways to navigate the neighborhood. The city center is reachable within 5 minutes, the train station in about 10 minutes, and the Kirchberg business district in 10 to 15 minutes, depending on the destination. Pfaffenthal also features two Veloh self-service stations.
By tram
The tram traverses the neighborhood from east to west, crossing the Grand Duchess Charlotte Bridge, significantly facilitating mobility. While Pfaffenthal itself doesn't have tram stops, the Rout Bréck – Pafendall stop is easily accessible by taking the funicular.
By foot
Following closely after biking, walking remains an ideal mode of transport to and from the neighborhood. The city center is a mere 10 to 15 minutes away, contingent on the starting point and walking pace. While reaching the train station takes a bit longer, approximately half an hour, the vast Kirchberg district is easily accessible. However, navigating its center may take around 30 minutes, with more remote areas requiring up to an hour.
By train
A distinctive advantage of Pfaffenthal is its own train station, Pfaffenthal-Kirchberg, significantly enhancing mobility for residents needing to travel beyond the capital.
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Renting and buying real estate

The area is characterized by relatively affordable purchase prices, averaging at 9,381 euros per square meter, which is significantly lower than the capital's average of 12,243 euros per square meter. This makes Pfaffenthal an appealing choice for potential property buyers who are looking for more budget-friendly options within the city.

For buying the average price is 

9,381 euros/m2
in the Pfaffenthal
12,243 euros/m2
the capital's average

For renting the average price is 

34.75 euros/m2
in the Pfaffenthal
30.72 euros/m2
 the capital's average

On the other hand, rental prices in Pfaffenthal display a contrasting trend. The average rental cost in this district is approximately 34.75 euros per square meter, surpassing the city's overall average of 30.58 euros per square meter. This suggests that while buying property in Pfaffenthal might be more accessible financially, renting can be slightly costlier compared to other areas in Luxembourg City.

This unique pricing dynamic in Pfaffenthal indicates a balanced appeal for different types of real estate market participants. Property buyers might find the lower purchase prices attractive, offering a more economical entry point into the Luxembourg City real estate market. Meanwhile, renters might be willing to pay a premium for the unique charm and convenience that Pfaffenthal offers, despite the marginally higher rental costs compared to the city average.

Infrastructure of the neighborhood

A panoramic elevator connects it to the historic upper town, while a funicular links it to the bustling Kirchberg district. Pfaffenthal exudes an undisturbed charm, resembling a timeless village that offers a serene ambiance, a stark contrast to the vibrancy of the Ville-Haute. This locale provides a tranquil setting with a convenient proximity to the city center and the Kirchberg business district.

If you're considering settling down in Luxembourg we invite you to peruse our collection of articles covering various communes and neighborhoods within the city.

Living in Pfaffenthal: advantages and disadvantages

Pfaffenthal unfolds as a timeless, serene enclave, a small village removed from the hustle and bustle of the upper city.

Boasting a tranquil atmosphere, its advantageous location ensures easy access to the city center through a connecting elevator to the old town and to the Kirchberg business district via a convenient funicular.

In recent years, a resurgence has been noted, with professionals such as osteopaths, physiotherapists, and lawyers returning to the area, breathing new life into local scene.

However, despite this revitalization, the commercial and infrastructural offerings remain somewhat limited, lacking supermarkets within the neighborhood and featuring just a single school. Potential residents weigh the tranquility against these limitations when considering Pfaffenthal as their home.

Pros and cons
Quiet place close to the city center, providing the best transportation accsessibility
Hosting beautiful scenery, with nature and history combined for the residents to enjoy
Relatively lower prices for buying property according to statistics
Not well-developed infrastructure: lack of supermarkets, schools and hospitals, which bight be handy if you come with your family
Narrow streets can be limited in space for car parking, so you will need to find options in closest neighborhoods

What is there in this quartier of Luxembourg City?

Pfaffenthal's infrastructure, while not expansive, reveals a charming blend of historical richness and contemporary conveniences. Limited in educational and shopping offerings within the neighborhood, Pfaffenthal compensates with its proximity to the bustling city center. Amidst narrow streets steeped in history, residents can enjoy the Sang a Klang blues hall and explore the transformed Muerbelsmillen museum. With soccer fields, playgrounds, and swift access to parks, the neighborhood fosters an active lifestyle.

Childcare center Atelier Zeralda, source: Atelier Zeralda website
Sang a Klang, source:
  Football field on Laurent Ménager street, source: Google Maps
Schools, creches, and education
Cultural centers
Parks, nature places and kids playgrounds
Sports infrastructure
Shopping and restaurants in Pfaffenthal

Historical overview

Pfaffenthal, alongside Grund and Clausen, stands among the city's oldest and most historically significant neighborhoods.

Connection knot

Dating back to Roman times, the Pfaffenthal was a crucial point on the route connecting Reims to Trier, with the Alzette River crossing its path. The neighborhood's name pays homage to the monks from the Abbey of Altmünster, who cultivated the fertile valley.

Artisanal center

During the Middle Ages, artisans seeking proximity to water established themselves here, including tanners producing leather for gloves, integral to Luxembourg's economy. The riverside location defined life, with trades like brewing, dyeing, and various crafts flourishing. The river, serving as a power source for numerous mills, shaped the community's existence.


In the 17th century, urbanist Clarisse nuns took residence in the building that now houses the civil hospice. This area also hosted the first hospital and maternity ward in the Luxembourg fortress, reflecting the district's historical significance and its evolution through various eras.
Luxembourg Pfaffental old photo view

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How accessible is Pfaffenthal in terms of transportation?

What cultural and recreational amenities does Pfaffenthal offer?

What are the pros and cons of living in Pfaffenthal?

We took photos from these sources: Wikimedia (Wikipedia),, Ville de Luxembourg, Atelier Zeralda website,, Sang a Klang Facebook Page, Spillplaz

Authors: Luz
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