Democratic Party in Luxembourg — Demokratesch Partei (DP)

In this article, we will take a closer look at the Democratic Party of Luxembourg, analyzing its structure, leadership, current political stance on key issues and historical evolution.

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For almost 70 years the Democratic Party has been one of the three main parties in the country and has ensured its presence at both local and European levels, with 12 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 1 seat in the European Parliament. The current Prime Minister of Luxembourg – Xavier Bettel – was formerly president of the party before being elected in 2013.

Democratic party at a glance

The Democratic Party is one of the liberal forces in Luxembourg, promoting a belief in individual rights, free market principles, and limited government intervention in personal and economic matters. The Democratic Party (DP) in Luxembourg supports the middle class. Many civil servants, employees, independent workers, and high-income people vote for them.

It is one of the three largest political parties in the country: it currently holds 12 out of 60 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, Luxembourg's main legislative body. The number of seats a party holds can influence the policy direction and government formation.

12 seats
holds DP
21 seats
holds CSV
10 seats
holds LSAP

Founded in 1955, this party is currently under the leadership of Lex Delles. Notably, Xavier Bettel, the former president of the DP, has held the position of Prime Minister of Luxembourg since 2013, solidifying the party's significance within the nation's political landscape. Within the Chamber of Deputies, the party ranks as the second-largest, further underlining its influence and importance in Luxembourg's political arena.


Political Guide

Structure and representativeness

The Democratic Party boasts a membership of approximately 6,200 individuals who, in conjunction with President Lex Delles and Secretary-General Carole Hartmann, serve as standard-bearers for the party's values and ideas.The DP's organizational structure encompasses local, regional, and national levels, providing members with platforms for engagement, discussion, and the submission of ideas aimed at advancing the nation.

The inner life of a party

At its core, the DP operates through a hierarchical framework comprising several committees

Steering Committee
The Steering Committee is the DP's main decision-making group. On the political side, it discusses current issues and sets the party's direction. On the administrative side, it manages day-to-day operations like planning events and overseeing finances. This committee facilitates the decision-making process for major party initiatives.
Executive Committee
The Executive Committee's primary responsibility is to carry out the decisions of the Steering Committee and to coordinate the day-to-day operations of the Party, such as organizing events, managing and communicating with the membership. It ensures that the Party's goals are effectively implemented and that the organization is aligned with those goals.
Regional Committees
The DP's influence extends across the country's electoral constituencies, each managed by a regional committee. There are four constituencies in Luxembourg: South, North, Central, and East. In simple terms, they help make sure every part of Luxembourg has a voice in their government. These committees provide essential support and coordination for the party's activities within and between local sections.

Electoral system divides the country into four constituencies. The number of seats allocated to each constituency is proportional to its population

seats in the South
seats in the Center
seats in the North
seats in the East

People and influence in the party

Key personnel profiles

Prominent among the key figures associated with the Democratic Party is the former party president, Xavier Bettel, who has held the position of Prime Minister of Luxembourg since 2013. Bettel's tenure as Prime Minister underscores the DP's significant presence and influence within the Luxembourgish government.

Leaders of the party

Xavier Bettel
Following the legislative elections of 20 October 2013, Xavier Bettel was appointed Prime Minister, Minister of State, Minister for Communications and Media and Minister for Religious Affairs on 4 December 2013 in the coalition government formed by the Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party (LSAP) and the Green Party (déi gréng).
Carole Hartmann
After the 2018 elections, Carole Hartmann became a member of the Luxembourg Parliament for the Democratic Party (DP). She took office on 6 December 2018, representing the East constituency, succeeding Lex Delles, who moved to the government as minister. Hartmann is also a municipal councillor in Echternach and continues to practice law.
Max Hahn
He has been serving as Luxembourg's Minister for Family Affairs and Integration. He has been actively involved in the development and presentation of the national palliative and end-of-life care plan for the years 2023 to 2026, aiming to enhance the quality of care and support for individuals at the end of their life in Luxembourg.
Lex Delles
The politician is currently serving as the Minister for Middle Class, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, and Tourism in Luxembourg. He assumed this role in the coalition government formed by the Democratic Party (DP), following the 2018 legislative elections. Before becoming a minister, he was a member of the Chamber of Deputies, representing the Democratic Party.
Yuriko Backes
Distinguished diplomat and politician from Luxembourg, born in Japan. Since 2022, she has held the position of Minister for Finances, first woman on this post. Representing the Democratic Party, Backes has steered Luxembourg's financial sector amidst the challenges of rising inflation.
Lydie Polfer
Politician and member of the Democratic Party, has held positions like Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs, and currently serves as Mayor of Luxembourg City. She has been as a Member of the European Parliament and the Chamber of Deputies.
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Other key members of the party

Collet Flesch
Former Mayor and City Council Member
Marc Hansen
Minister for the Civil Service; Minister for Relations with Parliament; Minister Delegate for Digitalisation; Minister Delegate for Administrative Reform
Claude Lamberty
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
Myriam Feyder
Treasurer of the Democratic Party

The DP is the second largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, behind the CSV. In the 2018 legislative elections, the party secured 16.9% of the popular vote, solidifying its role as a major political force in the country. Previous elections in the country brought

DP vote share in 2018
CSV vote share in 2018
LSAP vote share in 2018
DP Chamber seats graphs
Participation graphs by Luxtoday. Information source: Wikipedia

Demokratesch Partei holds one of Luxembourg six seats in the European Parliament, further expanding its influence.

There are 705 seats in the European Parliament.

These seats are divided among member countries based on their population size.

6 seats
are granted to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in the European Parliament
96 seats
are held by Germany, the most populous EU state, and the neighbor of the GDL

DP's current political stance

The Democratic Party in Luxembourg is positioned in the middle of the political spectrum. It is often described as centrist because it tries to strike a balance between the left and right wings. The left tends to support social equality and communal values, while the right often emphasizes individual freedoms and traditional values.

The party and its cornerstones

It began in the late 1960s, when the Democratic Party underwent a strategic shift. Becoming more centrist has allowed them to work with both the Christian Social People's Party (CSV) on the right and the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) on the left. For the moment, they sit between these two parties.

Party views visualization

The political landscape in Luxembourg
The political landscape is rather diverse in Luxembourg. Source of the data:
The DP is known for its strong advocacy of civil liberties
Women's rights
It notably legalized abortion and divorce and abolished the death penalty between 1974 and 1979.
The party focuses on issues affecting minorities: migrants, LGBTQ+ and single parents.
DP is explicitly secular, which holds more significance than its electoral performance suggests.

The DP has been a leading influence in getting other Luxembourg parties to think more globally. They did this by working in several important directions, both those that are specific to Europe and those that are global and important to all of mankind.

Protection of the environment
Protection of human rights
European Union

The DP is a strong supporter of European countries working closely together and holds the United Nations in high regard. A member of their party, Gaston Thorn, even had a leading role in the United Nations.

Political program

The Democratic Party (DP) of Luxembourg has outlined an extensive political program that addresses critical challenges and envisions a sustainable future for the nation.

You can see the complete program on the PD website, but for your convenience, we provide you a direct download link of the program and a condensed summary of their key priorities below.

Sustainable investment initiatives
Public housing
Middle-class relief
Quality of life
Responsible energy transition
Enhancing competitiveness and attracting talent
Innovations and future

Party representation

The Democratic Party (DP) in Luxembourg has consistently advocated for the interests of the middle class, shaping its distinctive socio-economic profile. Throughout its tenure in government, the DP has consistently held the portfolio for the middle class, reflecting its commitment to representing this demographic.

Electorate demographics

The party is popular among various important members of the society
Government workers
Salaried employees
Self-employed workers
High-income families

This popularity helps them get more votes. Most of the supporters of the democratic party live in Luxembourg city and its wealthy neighboring areas.

Since 1970, the capital of Luxembourg — Luxembourg City — has always been governed by a mayor from the Democratic Party (DP). Currently, the experienced and dedicated Lydie Polfer holds the esteemed post, a position she has held since 2013, marking a significant period of stability and growth for the city. Polfer, a stalwart of the DP, has worked tirelessly to implement policies that reflect the party's liberal and progressive ideals, focusing on sustainable development, housing, and transportation improvements.

Lydie Polfer, the mayor of Luxembourg City. Photo from the DP Flickr page
Democratic party in comparison
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Democratic party (DP) office is located in Luxembourg City
  • Office location: 2A rue des Capucins, Luxembourg
  • Phone number: (+352) 22 10 21
  • Official website:

Brief history of the party

The Democratic Party of Luxembourg has a rich history spanning several decades. It was established in 1955, evolving through various political landscapes.

Emergence as a major party: 1950s-1960s

Political committee meeting, international affairs, luxebmourg minister old picture
Photo from Wikimedia Commons.
  • The Democratic Party (DP) traces its history back to the founding of the Liberal League in 1904.
  • The present-day party was established on April 24, 1955, succeeding the Democratic Group, which included liberal-oriented resistance fighters aiming to shape the political landscape.
  • In 1959, the DP secured 11 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, briefly participating in a large coalition with the Christian Social People's Party (CSV) and the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP).
  • By 1964, the DP returned to six seats, but in 1968, it absorbed the Popular Independent Movement, experiencing a resurgence and gaining 11 seats. This allowed it to enter the government with the CSV under Prime Minister Pierre Werner.

Government and reforms: 1970s

Gaston Thorn
Prime Minister of Luxembourg from 1974 to 1979 and president of the European Commission from 1981 to 1985
  • The DP remained in coalition with the CSV until 1974, when it gained substantial support in the 1974 legislative elections, securing 22.2% of the votes and 14 seats. This shift led to coalition negotiations with the LSAP, resulting in the DP securing key ministerial positions, including Prime Minister Gaston Thorn.
  • Despite economic challenges, the coalition implemented significant social reforms, including the abolition of the death penalty (1974), no-fault divorce (1975), and abortion legalization (1978). Plans for a nuclear power plant in Remerschen, supported by the DP, were abandoned in 1977.

Modern times and the Democratic party: 1980s-2023

Xavier Bettel
Politician, lawyer. The 22nd Prime Minister of Luxembourg since December 4, 2013. Former leader of the Democratic party from 2013 to 2015
  • In 1979, the DP with Gaston Thorn, and the LSAP's support, faced Werner in the elections, but the CSV won. In 1980, Gaston Thorn became President of the European Commission, and Colette Flesch replaced him as ministe
  • The DP's fortunes waned in the 1984 legislative elections, losing one seat, and trailing the LSAP. The LSAP formed a coalition with the CSV.
  • The DP remained in opposition until 1999 when it became the second-largest party in the Chamber of Deputies.
  • After the 2013 legislative elections, the DP negotiated a three-party coalition with the LSAP and the Greens, with Xavier Bettel as Prime Minister.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Who are the prominent leaders of the DP, both past and present

How is the party positioned in the Luxembourg political spectrum

What notable reforms or policies has the DP been involved in during its history

We took photos from these sources: DP website;, author Yves Kortum; DP Facebook official page; Wikimedia

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