Luxtoday
Employment and jobs

Work for women in Luxembourg: full-time, part-time and flexible, taxes, laws and more

Luxembourg's job market is booming, and women have a wealth of opportunities there. Qualifications are key, ensuring a fair playing field. Explore roles in Luxembourg, especially if you're relocating with family. Flexible and remote options are available, ideal for work-life balance. Let's find your perfect fit!

Last time updated
26.04.24

According to data from Statec, Luxembourg's national statistics center, the employment rate for women aged 15 to 64 in Luxembourg stood at 67.1% in 2022, slightly lower than the rate for men, which was 73%. A closer look reveals that both Luxembourger women and those of foreign origin have slightly lower employment rates: 62.4% for Luxembourger women compared to 67.1% for men, and 70.8% for women of foreign origin compared to 77.5% for men.

Overview of the jobs for women in Luxembourg

Throughout history, certain jobs have been predominantly performed by either women or men and although these distinctions have gradually blurred over time, there are still sectors where one gender predominates over the other.

Statistics show

To better understand the Luxembourgish job market, let's look at the statistics provided by Statec, Luxembourg's national statistics center. According to Statec, industries with a significant female presence in Luxembourg include healthcare, social work, education, and other service sectors.

Regarding differences in employment rates, in Luxembourg, the employment rate for women aged 15 to 64 was 67.1% in 2022, slightly lower than the 73% recorded for men. Upon closer examination, both Luxembourgish women and those of foreign origin exhibit slightly lower employment rates compared to men.

62.4%
employment rate for Luxembourgish women in 2022
67.1%
employment rate for Luxembourgish men in 2022
70.8%
employment rate for foreign-born women in Luxembourg
77.5%
employment rate for foreign-born men in Luxembourg
Women and men job market Luxembourg
Source: Statec

Regarding differences in employment rates, in Luxembourg, the employment rate for women aged 15 to 64 was 67.1% in 2022, slightly lower than the 73% recorded for men. Upon closer examination, both Luxembourgish women and those of foreign origin exhibit slightly lower employment rates compared to men. Specifically, employment rates stood at 62.4% for Luxembourgish women versus 67.1% for men, and 70.8% for foreign-born women compared to 77.5% for men.

Women work in Luxembourg
Source: Statec
Luxembourg's equality in progress

Despite disparities in employment rates, the employment rate for women has steadily increased in recent years. Additionally, other indicators show positive progress, such as the narrowing gender pay gap. In 2021, for the first time, the wage gap tilted in favor of women, with a -0.2% difference. You can read more about that in our related news article.

What types of jobs are the most popular and demanded in Luxembourg among women

While some fields see a higher concentration of women, the focus here is on roles that offer flexibility, ideal for anyone seeking work-life balance, especially those with children. This includes both traditionally female-dominated fields and others that can be a great fit for parents.

Remote and part-time jobs for women

How to get a job for women in Luxembourg?

In this section, we'll outline step-by-step how to find a remote job as a woman in Luxembourg. The process is similar to that for men, but we will discuss in-depth considerations specific to women, such as work permits for women relocating to Luxembourg as spouses of men with the European Blue Card, or details regarding benefits for women in the workplace or job search postpartum.

Looking for jobs in Luxembourg

The best place to research the job market is online, with numerous job portals hosting thousands of job listings. These platforms allow you to filter job offers based on the sector you want to work in, educational level, or required work experience.

"The particular demand is concentrated in the IT sector and finance in Luxembourg." However, this is just a trend; other professions also have job offers, albeit perhaps in smaller quantities.
Getting a job in Luxembourg

Getting a job in Luxembourg

Read full article
International job search
Among the international portals are eures.europa.eu (the European Union's portal), eurojobs.com, eurojobsites.com, experteer.com, indeed.com, page.com and LinkedIn.com.
Job platforms for Luxembourg
For local opportunities in Luxembourg, prominent portals include jobfinder.lu, jobs.lu, monster.lu, and moovijob.com. Each portal offers a unique set of opportunities, allowing you to tailor your job search to your preferences and career goals.
Hybrid and remote job listings
Many job listings mention whether remote or hybrid work is possible. If not specified, you can apply and inquire later. For those seeking certainty in remote work opportunities, specialized sites like remoteok.com or workingnomads.com offer dedicated remote job listings.
Working as a mom

For mothers seeking to balance family and professional life, it's essential to note that many job listings specify if remote or hybrid work is possible. If not specified, it's worth applying and inquiring later. Additionally, there are specialized portals for remote work, such as remoteok.com or workingnomads.com.

Applying for a job: documents, motivation letter, and more

Finding a job in Luxembourg starts with a good CV and a strong motivation letter, so we will analyze these two points so that you can get through this stage smoothly. Finally, we will examine the documents you will need to work in Luxembourg as a foreigner and some important particularities for women.

Craft a strong CV

Essentially, it summarizes academic and professional experience, highlighting achievements and competencies relevant to the desired position. Your CV should be easy to read and provide a clear explanation of why you're qualified for the role you're applying for.

While creativity is encouraged, European CVs generally follow a standardized format, with restrictions such as limiting the length to one page for those early in their career. Additionally, different professions may have specific conventions regarding CV content and style.

Crafting a curriculum vitae together

For detailed guidance on crafting a suitable CV for job hunting in Luxembourg, check out our dedicated article. You can also explore the Europass CV model and dedicated website on europa.eu, where interactive tools allow you to create your own CV.

Write a compelling cover letter and follow up with the job interview

The cover letter is one of the oldest tools in recruitment history and remains a staple in job applications. It should set you apart from other applicants from the outset. Write a letter tailored to the job profile, ensuring impeccable grammar and spelling.

Your cover letter should explain how your skills meet the job requirements, giving recruiters and potential employers a first impression of you as a professional and individual. It's an opportunity to demonstrate how the company will benefit from your expertise and enthusiasm.

Work
Employment
Luxembourg
Structure and outline for cover job letter in Luxembourg
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One of the most crucial steps in landing your dream job is the job interview. When attending a job interview, the first impression is crucial. Arrive punctually and appropriately groomed, demonstrating professionalism and responsibility. Language can be your greatest ally in a job interview if used correctly, do not hesitate to mention, if you know several languages, as Luxembourg is a multi-language country. Avoid overly emotional language as well. Also, as our article on how to pass an interview for a Luxembourgish job position says, consider that "the person cannot appreciate your facial expressions and gestures, so they will pay attention to your tone of voice, speed of speech and manner of speaking."

Know your rights

Pregnant women are not obligated to disclose their pregnancy during job interviews, and if asked, they are not required to reveal it as pregnancy is a private matter. We will talk about it a bit more later in the article and also have covered it in our dedicated piece on employment laws in Luxembourg.

If needed, apply for work permit or residency permit in Luxembourg

To live and work in Luxembourg, you will need to apply for a residence permit, for which you will need to submit several documents.

The requirements vary based on your circumstances, distinguishing between employed and self-employed roles. Additionally, familial situations, such as having a Luxembourgish or European partner, can impact the process.

Common documents and prerequisites typically include
Collect the documents
These are the first basic documents one might need to apply for a work permit and temporary authorisation to stay.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.
Two fully completed Schengen visa application forms
If necessary to enter the country for third-country nationals
Two recent identical passport photos
Passport-format photos on clear background
A copy of the passport
In its entirety at the moment of application
Proof of accommodation
Rent agreement or sponsorship proof
An employment contract
Dully signed and according to the Luxembourg laws
Payment of the applicable visa fee
Check, if you are required to pay a fee, usually 50 euros
Collect the documents
These are the first basic documents one might need to apply for a work permit and temporary authorisation to stay.
*The mandatory items are marked with red asterisks.

For women whose partners (husbands, for instance) are moving to Luxembourg for work, family reunification is an important consideration. Family life is a fundamental right, and Luxembourg follows European policies regarding family reunification.

Wives and minor children of migrant workers are entitled to a residence permit in Luxembourg through family reunification. However, the process varies based on the status of the "main migrant," to whom family members will be linked.

12 months for documents

Please note that obtaining this permit takes time, typically one year for a migrant with an "employee" residence permit. However, for highly skilled workers holding a "European Blue Card" residence permit, family reunification is granted directly. This is a broad topic that could be the subject of an entire article. We recommend referring to the government's dedicated website for comprehensive information on family reunification.

Work
Documents
Visa
Read more about the process of obtaining work visa to Luxembourg
Work permit in Luxembourg

What else can you read on the topic of employment in Luxembourg?

You will find a variety of articles on the job search, career development and workplace culture in our dedicated section of the Blog. Check it out. 

Professions in-demand in Luxembourg
How to nail job interview in Luxembourg
Writing cover letter for work
Getting a job in Luxembourg
Unskilled jobs with sponsorship visa

Salaries of workers in women-dominated spheres in Luxembourg in 2024

Let's now look at the salaries in Luxembourg of various professions popular among women. To do this, we will consult the Paylab website, which offers salary ranges for different professions.

Average wages for positions in Luxembourg
RoleMinimum (euros)Maximum (euros)
Head Nurse4,1816,061
Fashion Designer2,4425,263
Image Beauty Stylist2,1985,442
Primary School Teacher2,1915,849
Psychologist2,1855,991
Nurse2,0965,885
Nutrition Assistant1,9034,300
Preschool Teacher1,9024,835
Caregiver1,6004,276
Kinetotherapist1,6004,265
Wage one can count on

An estimated salary range for the sector, indicates an average minimum of 1,600 euros and an average maximum of 6,061 euros.

Working pregnant or breastfeeding women and their protection from discrimination

Another important aspect for women to consider when working or seeking employment is the special conditions and benefits for pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Every pregnant woman working in Luxembourg is entitled to maternity leave, which consists of both prenatal and postnatal leave. This leave not only protects women's health but also provides them with the opportunity to fully dedicate themselves to their child after childbirth.

Additionally, pregnant or breastfeeding women are entitled to a range of protective measures. Women have the right to protection against dismissal from the start of pregnancy, special protection for their health and safety when working in positions involving specific risks, protection against risks of night work, exemption from work for prenatal examinations, several weeks of leave before and after childbirth, and flexible schedules for breastfeeding.

Special protection

These are just a few of the entitlements; as the list is extensive, we refer the reader to the explanatory text provided by the government on the Protection of pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Benefits
Laws
Labor
Employees benefits in Luxembourg
Read the article

How to pay taxes when you work as a family member in Luxembourg?

In Luxembourg, income tax is paid by anyone earning any income, leading to a question, what happens to women when they are married? The topic of taxes in Luxembourg is extremely broad and complex, so we will not go into it in depth, but we will mention some essential points. 

The main difference for a married woman is the change in tax category upon marriage. The tax category in Luxembourg is assigned based on each person's situation; the tax authority automatically assigns a tax class based on the data provided upon registration in the municipal registry. They take into account your income, marital status, the number of children you have, and if you are over 64 years old.

Married women, like their husbands, upon marriage move from tax class 1 to tax class 2. In this category, taxes are declared jointly and are based on half of the combined income of the household, but in the end, the tax amount is multiplied by 2.

More about taxes

If you want to know more about how taxes work in Luxembourg, we recommend our article about income tax in Luxembourg and if you want to know more about the tax classes, we recommend you another of our articles dedicated to this topic.

faq

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What are the most popular industries for women in Luxembourg?

What remote job opportunities are available for women in Luxembourg?

How does maternity leave work for women in Luxembourg?

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